Overview – What is depressionPeople often think of depression as – , , etc. Let us dive deeper to understand depression.Depression is a mental health condition that is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest in activities. It can also cause physical symptoms such as changes in appetite, sleep problems, and a lack of energy.
Depression is a common and serious condition that can affect anyone, regardless of their age, gender, or background. If you think you might be experiencing symptoms of depression, it is important to . They can help you understand your condition and develop a treatment plan that is right for you.Depression in IndiaAccording to the , depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and an estimated 300 million people are affected by the condition. According to the in India, approximately 15% of Indian adults require active intervention for one or more mental health issues, and approximately one in 20 Indians suffers from depression. In 2012, it was estimated that India had over 258,000 suicides, with the age group of 15-49 years being most affected.Signs and symptoms of depressionThe key signs of depressive disorder as per includes;
Please note that above symptoms may also be present due to some physical or medical condition, or in case of significant loss e.g., bereavement, financial ruin, losses from a natural disaster, a serious medical illness or disability. In such cases, a consultation with a psychologist or a psychiatrist, will help establish if it’s a case of depression or not.Depression in childrenThe signs of depression are similar. But depression in children is more difficult to diagnose because they are unable to express themselves properly. A few tell-tele signs are sadness, irritable mood, failure to make expected weight gain as per age, loss of interest in favourite toys or cartoons, clinginess, frequent complaints of aches and pains, and refusing to go to school.If you are a parent and you suspect your child is suffering from depression, keep a diary handy and note down the instances when your child shows such symptoms with proper dates. This can significantly help a child psychologist or a paediatrician diagnose the underlying illness.Depression in teenagersTransition from childhood to adolescence is a time of great stress – as a struggle to keep one’s psychological balance in the face of crisis of puberty. This stage also involves answering the question – “Who am I?” A teenager is seeks to define their identity and their self in this stage.In teens and tweens, the symptoms of depression may include;
Parenting plays a very crucial factor. It is important to have an open and honest communication with your teenager kids. They should feel comfortable speaking with you about puberty and sexual changes, sex education, alcohol and drug abuse, body image, relationships and breakups etc. Not having conversations around these ‘taboo’ subjects will only condition them to hide it from you. And find unsafe outlets for their curiosity around these subjects.You can find out your parenting style by taking the Parenting Styles & Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) assessment on the .Depression in adultsAccording to the World Health Organization, depression is a major global health concern and is responsible for 10% of the overall non-fatal disease burden worldwide. Furthermore, this burden disproportionately affects girls and women. Various studies point out to the gender differences in depression.Depression in womenAbout twice as many women as men experience depression. According to the World Health Organization, depression is more common in women than in men, with a lifetime prevalence of 5.1% in men and 9.2% in women.Women are also more likely to experience more severe and persistent forms of depression, and to have co-occurring anxiety disorders.Depression in women can be influenced by a variety of factors, including hormonal changes, biological factors, inherited traits, and personal life circumstances and experiences. Some specific examples of these factors include puberty, premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), pregnancy and postpartum depression, perimenopause and menopause, and life circumstances and culture. However, it’s important to note that not all women who experience these hormonal changes or life events will develop depression.Depression in menRegardless of the lower occurrence of depression in males, it should not be overlooked.Depression in men may be difficult to recognize because it may manifest as anger or aggression instead of the more typical symptoms of sadness and loss of interest in activities. This can make it harder for their loved ones and even their doctors to identify and diagnose their condition. Furthermore, men are less likely than women to recognize, talk about, and seek treatment for their depression, despite the fact that it is a common mental health condition in men.Depression in elders and seniorsDepression is a common mental health condition in older adults, and it can have a significant impact on their physical, emotional, and social well-being. Older adults may be at an increased risk of depression due to a variety of factors, such as the loss of a loved one, health problems, or a decrease in physical or cognitive abilities. Symptoms of depression in older adults may include persistent feelings of sadness and hopelessness, changes in appetite and sleep patterns, loss of interest in activities that used to be enjoyable, and social isolation.Social connections are essential for human survival and well-being, but older adults may be at risk of becoming more isolated and lonely as they age. Research has shown that loneliness and social isolation are linked to an increased risk of depression. This is why it’s important to care for your parents and grandparents. Setting up rituals like having a mean together or just having that morning or coffee can make a significant difference. If you have kids, you can also encourage them to spend more time with their grandparents.Causes of depressionThere is no single cause of depression, and it is likely that a combination of factors contributes to its development. Some possible causes of depression include:
Again, it’s important to note that these are just some of the possible causes of depression, and the factors that contribute to its development can vary from person to person.Types of depressionThere are several types of depression that can affect individuals, including:
It’s important to note that these are just some of the common types of depression. Depression can also manifest in other forms.Diagnosis of depressionDepression is typically diagnosed by a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist or a psychologist. During the diagnostic process, the mental health professional will ask the individual about their symptoms, medical history, and personal and family history of mental health conditions. They may also conduct a physical examination and order laboratory tests to rule out other medical conditions that may be causing the symptoms.
Treatment for depressionDepression is treatable, with talking therapies or antidepressant medication or a combination of these.
Online counselling & therapy for depressionIt takes quite a bit of courage to seek help, especially for the first time.When one is going through depression, one can find it difficult to talk to family and friends. One might think, , , .Also many a times, we ourselves are not sure if what we are experiencing is depression or temporary sadness.It’s ok to feel like that. Most of us do.To support you in such times, you can seek online therapy from the comfort of your home. You can get support without disclosing your identity. While there are many online services available, we at TickTalkTo have curated and trained therapists from all over India. They have a helped tens of thousands of people like you and India Today rated us as the top counselling platform. Check out this review from one of our users,If you think you might need help, it’s a good idea to speak with a happiness coach, take a depression test and seek counselling;