The TickTalkTo Blog

Sologamy – Saying “Yes I do” to oneself

We have heard about Monogamy (single life partner), Bigamy (two partners), and Polygamy (multiple partners) marriages which have been in existence since time immemorial. But Sologamy is the latest in-thing.  There have been instances that you might have come across, where a woman married Eiffel Tower, and she is called Mrs. Eiffel, where a man married his favourite pillow that was with him since his childhood, and he carries it everywhere. When Kshama Bindu, a young woman from Vadodara, Gujarat took wedding vows with herself and said, “yes I do” the traditional Indian way, it caught everyone’s eye all over the country. This is called Sologamy, the act of marrying oneself, committed to oneself out of self-love till the last breath.For many marrying non living things, or marrying oneself might sound like a bizarrely insane act. But if we try to look from their perspective, we will better understand that it’s all about falling in deep love and reciprocating the same whether with a nonliving object or with oneself. This is the latest trend that is picking pace slowly amongst the younger lot in the west and other parts of the world. Though this is the first case in India, there are several reports of self-marriage from other parts of the world too.What is SologamySologamy is marrying oneself without an officiant or a partner of the opposite sex involved. This is also referred to as self-uniting marriage. The wedding vows are a little different than any regular marriage as the person is saying, “I do” to oneself. Wedding rituals remain the same to commemorate the sologamy wedding. Cultures may vary though.Sologamy and Self LoveSome people support the argument that unless you love yourself, how can one love another human, marry that person and be happy in that . Hence, one must love oneself and accept oneself with all the flaws and good things only then the relationship will be an enriching experience. Sologamy or Autogamy is an act of extreme self-love. It is a manifestation of self-love and independence where a person feels fulfilled & complete with one’s own company and doesn’t feel the need to have another human in life.In other words, we can say that it is a safe game to play, where you invest your time, emotions, and energy in yourself and be happier than spending your whole life with someone you don’t love.FAQs about SologamyThe legal status of Sologamy or Self-MarriageThe Hindu Marriage Act requires two people to participate in the wedding rituals and get hitched. In the absence of which the marriage doesn’t hold legal status. It is more of a cultural thing emphasising on self-love independence and self-sufficiency.When did the trend of Sologamy begin?It all started with a Dentist, Linda Baker who took the wedding vows with herself in 1993. It was the first-ever case of sologamy in the whole world, and a daring act indeed back in those days.Divorce In SologamyIt’s very sad to see any relationship coming to an end. A person may wish to divorce oneself in a sologamy marriage then he/she is free to do it. The first report of sologamy divorce when a Brazilian model, Cris Galera decided to end her 90 days of self-marriage as she has found someone for her. Well, finally she could find someone worth spending her whole life with.Why is Sologamy getting popularIn today’s world, where love is being catered to on digital platforms like Tinder and Bumble, finding true love is almost impossible. The fear of , betrayal and trust issues are inevitable. Hence the younger generation is finding it rather easy to emphasise being self-loved and get hitched to oneself. As per social psychologists and relationship experts, all over the world, several factors are giving rise to the number of sologamy relationships.Benefits of a Sologamy RelationshipSologamy or self-marriage or say it like self-love is getting popular amongst the youngsters. This new kind of relationship comes with its own set of benefits which is more alluring than any relationship that involves two people.No compromise with independenceOne need not compromise on independence in a solo marriage as this is the first thing that people are scared of in a relationship. solo marriage gives you the freedom to safeguard your interests and still explore the world around you.No fear of betrayalOne has the fear of being dumped and being left out in a relationship involving two people. But in a solo marriage, love feels like an eternal thing as one will not betray oneself. The longing for lifetime love will be fulfilled for sure in a solo relationship.No compromises with comfortsIn a typical marriage, the compromise begins with the changes in the basic needs, sharing the bedroom, other things, and basic style changes to fit the bill. In a solo gamy marriage, one need not compromise on the comforts of life.No fear of dealing with in-laws and extended familyEspecially women are obsessed with the fear of dealing with the in-laws and the other family members. Family politics and drama is not just their cuppa. Many opt for solo marriage to avoid these glitches as it affects their mental well-being.Social stigmaMany choose not to marry just as they think they are not meant for perfect family life as other aspects of life seem to be more important for them. But remaining unmarried attracts everyone’s negative attention and one becomes the topic of discussion. Hence solo gamy allows them to start a new journey with themselves.Sologamy is a new way of lifeFor whatever reasons, some are in support of this whereas sologamy has received the backlash of many. Any relationship is all about falling in love with each other and growing together. Then what is wrong with falling in love with oneself and growing with oneself accepting one’s weaknesses and strengths? Let’s think it over without being biased. After all, self-love Is not selfish. You cannot truly love another until you know how to love yourself.”If you are struggling with your relationship, you can seek online counselling and therapy on the  from top rated therapists like , , , and . and start feeling better now.
Lavanya Vallabh
Lavanya Vallabh
Wed Jun 29 2022

Grief – Losing a loved one

What is Grief?Losing a loved one is heartbreaking — the grief you experience is a normal part of dealing with loss. There is no right or wrong definition or right or wrong way to deal with grief. It is a natural feeling which comes with the loss of someone close to you or you love. The loss can be the death, divorce or ending a relationship. Grief is both personal and universal experience to a natural reaction. The process of grieving is an important process in order to overcome all the feelings and emotions experienced. It is a powerful and overwhelming emotion experienced by people.The 5 stages of GriefThe five stages of grief were introduced by psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross in 1969 in her book ‘Death and Dying’;Stage 1 – DenialThis page lets you survive the emotional pain. The denial stage involves suppressing your feelings and processing the feeling of loss. It is hard to experience the pain behind your loss, people sometimes don’t know how to react in a certain situation which leads them to this denial stage. The shift in reality after loss becomes enigmatic to adjust in. This stage works on the principle of . Denial slows down the process of processing our feelings or emotions after a huge loss.Stage 2 – AngerAnger is usually the first emotion we experience while in a shift of emotions. This stage depends upon. It is completely normal to experience anger most of the time people isolate themselves during the healing process. But is it to be understood that social acceptance at this stage is very much necessary. Stage 3 – BargainingThe feeling of helplessness leads you to say or feel like . The feeling of bargaining again is a very common and personal feeling where you directly go to the higher authority. The shift of reality leads you to make every possible effort in order to make things right. Sometimes we also recall the times and want to change the things we did or the words we said. But this feeling is a part of the healing process only, where you are now aware of what is happening and wanting to make it right at any cost.Stage 4 – DepressionAfter putting all your efforts in bargaining, when you finally start to feel and face the reality and absorb what is happening around, you tend to pull inwards as the level of sadness increases and it gets heavier for us. And generally you get the feeling of . The drained energy puts you in such a situation of a very natural stage of grief. Dealing with this stage can be very self-isolating and evacuative.Stage 5 – AcceptanceThis stage comes with a beautiful gift of feeling,. The stage of acceptance comes after all the struggle which makes you not want to struggle in making anything different. With the presence of sadness and regret you also learn to deal with our feelings here.Coping with the loss of your loved oneWe’ll start things off with this incredibly inspiring love story that begins the movie “Up”. This is one of our favourite love stories because it shows the phases and seasons of life through the power of love. And, the best part is, that it’s a story told with no words! A truly beautiful inspiration for showing us the healing process of grief. Determined to save his home and keep the promise he made to his wife, widower Carl Fredricksen embarks on a journey to the mysterious Paradise Falls in an airship of his own invention. Along the way he meets his childhood hero, forms a bond with a boy who has an absent father, and realises the preciousness of the life he lived as well as the one he now lives. There is no right or wrong way to grief. Everyone just functions differently. But, grieving individuals may use some of these tips;This process can be quite isolating. Whenever we feel alone try to reach out to people and share our feelings. Don’t expect anyone to answer, just expect them to be aware, in this case we can also reach out to any professional who can take care of our feelings and emotions.It is ok to feel your emotions and be aware of it. Give yourself some time and space to experience the bundled up emotions. Don’t feel guilty for any emotion coming our way, take our time to analyse. We may feel a number of emotions at the same time, do not judge yourself. Some people set aside time to think about our loved ones and feel the emotions we experience. This approach is good for people who find it difficult to express their feelings in front of others but as this approach is quite addictive so take care while doing so. Forgive yourself for the emotions you feel and for the things you have done in the past or the words you have said. Forgive yourself for the regret you have for doing and not doing a certain thing. Try to focus on positive thoughts.Indulge in the activities of your interest. Spare some time to focus on yourself. This may help you experience your emotions and help you get rid of negative thoughts. The healing process may bring a feeling of being disconnected from oneself, try not to fall in the trap and keep yourself engaged in the activities of self-love. Keep a track of physical activities like workout or any sports that may also help you stay focused. Triggering situations or milestones can bring a roller coaster of emotions. Try to plan these days in advance so you won;’t get stuck within your thoughts and feelings. For example, you can be alone or find yourself some motivating task to perform that day.Online Counselling for GriefAccording to the American Psychological Association (APA), is the “provision of advice, information, and psychological support” to help people regain the ability to function following a loss. It helps you and guides you through the 5 stages of healing and grieving.How does online counselling and therapy help?Types of Online Grief CounsellingAudio/Video Sessions(American Psychiatric Association) APA suggests that online counselling is equivalent to offline counselling. It also lets you connect with any therapist throughout the world. There are some days you don’t feel like going out. In that case you can opt for an online counselling session rather than making efforts to go out. Online Chat SupportThere are many online chat rooms where you can connect to any therapist and it allows you to chat or call the person while maintaining your confidentiality. The benefit is it does not let you move out and is easily available for people in remote areas. Support GroupsSuch groups are formed where people in similar situations can connect to each other and help each other through the healing process. You can connect to any person in the world while being present at your place. The feeling of reassurance helps you to get out of the pain. You can access online support communities on Quora and Reddit.Coming out of the feeling of grief may look or sound easy but it requires all your efforts and energy. It destroys us from within, without even letting us be aware about it. In a similar situation always remember you are not alone and it is completely normal to seek help, there is always a way to heal you just have to trust the process and be aware. allows you to open up while being at your safe space.There are many top behavioural health professionals on like  , , and who can support you in the grieving process. You can download the and access quality support from the comfort of your home.
Yashika Agarwal
Yashika Agarwal
Fri Jun 17 2022

Narcissism

Have you ever experienced overinflated confidence in yourself, grandiose behaviour, a huge desire to be noticed, and admiration? Do you conceal your self-esteem issues with confidence levels that are higher and then become angry when you are confronted with criticism? Do you always feel the need to be noticed and respected by your colleagues? Is your attitude to remain self-absorbed causing conflict at work and in your private life? Do you feel that empathy for other people is unnatural to you? All of these are a part of a pattern. In the end, it’s a high moment to be assessed for Narcissistic Personality Disorder also referred to as NPD. The disorder of Narcissistic Personalities (NPD) can be described as a standard type of personality disorder in which people seek attention and stress self-importance. The idea of thinking beyond themselves isn’t their cup of tea.What is a Narcissistic Personality Disorder? Narcissistic Personality Disorder as per American Psychiatric AssociationAccording to the APA, NPD or commonly is described as a narcissistic psychiatric disorder is described as;Narcissistic Signs And Symptoms Of Personality Disorder According To DSM-5According to the American psychosis organisation’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the symptoms and signs that are indicative of NPD are described as follows. Presence of five out of nine of the requirements to classify it as a narcissistic personality disorder.A Few More Signs of Narcissistic Personality DisorderIn addition to the DSM -5 criteria for NPD and other signs, there are many more that create an extremely difficult personality to manage. Other co-morbid conditions can add to the problems in the form of contributing to various symptoms. Other Personality Disorders ,, , Stress Disorders, and other conditions such as or Severe Mood Disorders can cause other symptoms.Does A Person With Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) Accept Her Situation?This is a difficult issue in the true sense. Patients with NPD are difficult to crack, which is why it is challenging for families or experts in mental health to talk to them about their health condition. Additionally, their self-image of being in a position of authority in all aspects (knowledge and position, as well as wealth) is another issue that makes it difficult for them to accept information concerning their health issues or their mental health. Therefore, it is extremely unlikely to admit that they suffer from a personality disorder called narcissism as they endure and experience issues in their other lives too.What Causes Narcissistic Personality Disorder?The precise reason for NPD isn’t yet understood. Numerous factors impact the development of a person, which contribute to the formation of their personality. NPD is the result of a variety of factors that can result in a severe mental health issue and affect the overall health of an individual, as well as their personal and professional life.Environmental factors during the Growing Years of a PersonDisrupted parental relationships, strained relationships within the family, dysfunctional family ties, over praise or even harsh punishment, and adoration in the growth period of a child that is deeply ingrained into the child’s brain can trigger an affliction called narcissistic personality disorder.Genetic FactorsNumerous traits are acquired through genetics by the person who determines the foundation of personality and behaviour. Certain mental health conditions are also genetic, increasing the risk of being a carrier of NPD.Neurobiological influencesNeurobiological aspects include the brain, cognitive, behaviour, and thinking, and the reward centre working according to the biases the individual has acquired over time. All of these elements are the basis for the presence of narcissistic personality disorder.Who’s at Risk?Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is more common among men than women generally. The disorder is most evident when teens are in the early years of adulthood. Children who exhibit NPD behaviour are not required to become Narcissist individuals shortly because the pattern of behaviour changes in the early years of children.What is the impact of a Narcissistic Personality on the Personal Well-Being and their daily livesHow Narcissism Influences Your RelationshipAccording to Prof. Brad Bushman of Ohio State College, Narcissists are not good partners because they often overlook the wants, and desires of their partners and become obsessed with self-gratification, manipulating their behaviours to get what they want from their partner without engaging in a long-lasting relationship. Narcissists are all about themselves. They will tend to be concerned for their partner only when their wishes and requirements are satisfied by their spouse. It’s hard to deal with a person who is a complete narcissist, self-centred, and self-absorbed. It’s an unhealthy relationship. There’s been a dramatic rise in the number of Narcissistic people. The majority of people diagnosed with the disorder are men. the characteristics may differ. A narcissistic partner may be violent at times which can make life difficult for them. It’s a rollercoaster of emotions when you are with one. Relationships with someone with a narcissistic personality disorder may be abusive, in terms of mental, emotional, physical, and sexual. So seeking out assistance is always advisable.Narcissist Parent As ParentAs we all know, it’s an arduous task to manage relationships with someone narcissistic. It’s a challenge to manage the parenting skills of a parent who is narcissistic too. Narcissistic parents were typically supervised by a patent with a Narcissistic Personality but this is only the result of several researchers. A narcissistic or extreme parent could be abusive, both physically as well as verbally. Narcissistic parents are more harmful than good for children emotionally. Because the parent is unable to comprehend the child’s feelings, sympathise with the child, and be respectful of their dignity and honour.Different Kinds of Narcissistic ParentsDr. Malkin says there are three types of narcissistic parents;Classic (Extrovert)Inflating the child’s achievements or overly praising them. Becoming very intrusive about their clothes, their private life, their friends, etc.Covert (Introvert)It creates a noise each time they’re annoyed because they usually place their needs, demands, and wishes at the top of their list. They can be easily injured and attempt to protect the child when the child is targeted negatively.CommunalA family member may neglect the child completely and then go too much to help others or other individuals. The child may feel unimportant, depressed, and want more attention from their parents, causing children to be more demanding. Children are susceptible to the negative impacts of narcissistic parental behaviour that can affect the child’s mental and emotional development. They are the victim of trying to fit into the image of a narcissistic parent.It’s crucial to recognize the traits of a parent who is a narcissist to make dealing with their less-than-perfect parenting skills easier.Can A Narcissistic Person Fall In Love With Other People?Selfless love can be quite contrary to the characteristics of a Narcissistic Person. A person suffering from NPD generally can’t love another person because they are individuals who have an overinflated self-image and constantly need attention and love from those around them. This means they are on the receiving end, rather than on the other side of giving. Furthermore, even if a person is in love, it usually is a conditional affection rather than an unconditional love. A narcissist is likely to have a love affair with the other until the time that their requirements for gratification are satisfied. This puts the others in the grip of uncertainty and makes them vulnerable to abuse.Working With A Partner Who Is A NarcissistAny relationship with someone who is an NPD person could be devastating and even difficult. It is difficult to break up with the person and get away from the relationship due to a variety of commitments on both the end as well as a family level. Therefore, one must follow an approach to deal with someone like this.Get Counselling and CBTThe need to counsel yourself and your loved one is necessary to stop the relationship from becoming worse. Additionally, NPD affects the person on both professional and personal levels. So, seeking counselling and CBT are always recommended. is a top rated online counselling and therapy app. You can choose from leading psychologists and psychiatrists like , , , and .Get Yourself Educated about NPDThe ability to educate oneself with comprehensive and authentic information on narcissistic personality disorder is nearly 50% of the work that is to improve the quality of life.Stay Clear Of Triggers That Cause StressTriggers, as they are termed, can cause those suffering from NPD to become violent or act in certain ways which can cause harm to our mental, emotional, and physical health. Therefore, avoid triggers.Make Time To Practice Mindfulness And Self-CareThe importance of maintaining a healthy mind is paramount when working with those suffering from a narcissistic personality disorder. Self-care and mindfulness by taking time for yourself, and pursuing the things that bring us joy and a break from our routine that is required every day.Treatment Plan And TherapyThe root cause of NPD isn’t known, but the issue must be dealt with comprehensively. Since the relationship between someone with NPD is full of uncertainty and anxiety, the idea of seeking help is always a good idea. Although this may not result in an end-to-end solution, it will assist the person suffering from NPD and family who are dealing with a member. It is always safe to not hit the wrong buttons for those with NPD. Beware of triggers.Although there isn’t a specific treatment for NPD however, medication for anger management problems and mood disorders that are associated with it, CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy), and counselling with mindfulness can help reduce the negative consequences of NPD.Distinguish the person from the NPD traits and you’ll be able to easily accept the person and then work in a way that is motivating to get your life for you as well as the person you cherish!!If it’s getting tough, don’t delay. .
Lavanya Vallabh
Lavanya Vallabh
Thu Jun 09 2022

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder MeaningBipolar Disorder is a mental condition where people experience a roller coaster ride of moods. It is a sudden shift of feelings and emotions, a person can experience a sudden switch from being hypomanic (experiencing extreme happiness or euphoric moments) to depressive episodes (experiencing extreme sadness, confusion or fatigue). These unexpected shifts can be devastating. Bipolar Disorder is also known as Manic Depression. These manic episodes can elevate a person’s mood lasting for at least a week, though not every bipolar experiences . Bipolar people often end up making irrational decisions which they may regret later. The risk of suicide is high including 6% of bipolar people over the past 20 years. And, 30-40% are engaged in self-harm. Often described as;What Are the 4 types Of Bipolar DisordersAs described by American Psychiatric Association, Bipolar Disorder is categorised under these types:Bipolar I DisorderBeing one of the most common types, this involves manic episodes lasting for a week or more. The person must have a previous major depressive disorder and the mania must be severe. It also includes one of the other disorders like schizophrenia or delusional disorder.Bipolar II DisorderBipolar II DisorderBipolar II Disorder necessitates hypomanic and depressive disorders both. Depressive disorder is dominant here and in between both the episodes, people also experience normal mood conditions and lead a simple life, many people consider this disorder to be a milder version of Bipolar I Disorder.Cyclothymic Disorder (Cyclothymia)Cyclothymic people do not experience severe manic and depressive disorders, most times people do not seek treatment for this condition, as they categorise this as mood swings, but if not treated at the right time it may convert into Bipolar I Disorder and it does affect a person’s daily life.Bipolar Disorder Due To Another Medical Or Substance Abuse DisorderWhen people do go through certain mood swings, manic or depressive episodes and the symptoms do not fall under any of the remaining three categories, it is considered as Bipolar Disorder due to another medical or substance abuse disorder.Bipolar Disorder SymptomsSymptoms can be seen mostly in late teens and early adulthood. However, many people can also be diagnosed at early childhood or later in life. Researchers are still trying to find the exact cause of Bipolar Disorder and till now it is believed that both environmental factors and genetics are responsible for this. The symptoms can be seen in the form of sudden mood changes in a person’s behaviour. Common signs of Manic & Hypomania StateBoth mania and hypomania represent the same symptoms, as hypomania is a milder form of mania. Major Depressive EpisodeMajor Depressive episodes include symptoms which affect day-to-day working, example- work, social life, slow growth and progress. Bipolar Disorder TestTo analyse Bipolar Disorder, your diagnosis must include:Bipolar Disorder TreatmentKim Kardashian, recently opening up about her soon to be ex-husband’s (Kanye West) mental health condition, shared her experiences.Bipolar Disorder is a persisting condition. People who suffer from Bipolar Disorder do not always remain in Manic or Depressive episodes but when they do it becomes persistent. The treatments may differ as prescribed by your Doctor. Once diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder you need to function under a psychiatrist or any medical professional who is trained for this. Finding a right treatment may take some time as different bodies react differently to any treatment or medication. These treatments includes:MedicationsOnce diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder, one needs to start medications to control their mood swings. As prescribed by the Doctor you need to have a combination of mood stabilisers, antidepressants, second generation psychotics (SGAs) and medications to help with or .Continued TreatmentBipolar Disorder demands a full time treatment and care, even on days you feel better you need to keep a track of your mood as it may take a few seconds to change from minor mood changes to a full-blown manic or depressive disorder.Counselling & PsychotherapyPsychotherapy & Counselling can help a person to manage and keep a track of changes in their mood. Through CBT (Cognitive behaviour Therapy) and many other therapies, the person can learn to:Lifestyle RemediesAdopting some lifestyle remedies may not help you treat Bipolar Disorder, but it can definitely help you try to maintain a stable mood. These remedies includes:HospitalisationHospitalisation is recommended only in severe cases, where an individual finds it difficult to manage their mood swings, they are kept under supervision and are taught to keep their mood calm and relieved.Bipolar Disorder MedicationsThe type and combination of medications are prescribed by your Doctor. These may include:Mood StabilisersMood stabilisers are given to stabilise your mood. Helps you control your mood swings. In case of excessive mood swings you can consume a mood stabiliser as prescribed by your Doctor.AntidepressantsSome antidepressants may be suggested by your Doctor along with the mood stabilisers to balance depressive disorders. As alone antidepressants may trigger your manic episode, so it is given along with a mood stabiliser.AntipsychoticsAntipsychotics are suggested in combination with other medications as well. It helps you manage both manic & depressive disorder.Anti-anxiety medication Anti-anxiety medications are usually recommended on a short-term basis, promoting a better sleep quality. Antidepressant-antipsychoticSome medications including controlling effects of both manic and depressive episodes are given as prescribed by the Doctor.Bipolar Disorder Online CounsellingPsychotherapy or talk therapy, gives you the chance to open up about your emotions, feelings and thoughts. Through online counselling you and your therapist can check the severity of your Bipolar Disorder and then you can easily proceed further.Online Counselling gives you the opportunity to explore your inner-self along with;There are many you can choose from. has top rated psychologists and psychiatrists like ,  and who can help you with bipolar disorder.Bipolar Disorder FAQsWhat is a bipolar person like?A Bipolar person is just a normal person dealing with some difficulties which may include mood swings, sudden happiness or sadness. A person suffering from Bipolar Disorder is not always hyperactive or extremely low, it is just the phases and episodes a person experiences. The severity of each bipolar person differs as some may be high in depressive episodes or some may be high in Manic episodes.How do you know you are bipolar?We cannot just declare anyone Bipolar, there are certain sets of norms and tests a person needs to go through only conducted by professionals or trained in this field. After going through the test, the results then must be compared to other Bipolar and all the criterias and symptoms mentioned in DSM-5 (Diagnostic and statistical manual Of Mental disorders).What are 4 types of bipolar?The 4 types of Bipolar includes:How do bipolar people act?Someone from Bipolar Disorder experiences extreme highs and lows of emotions. One minute and a person can go from extreme happiness to extreme sadness or extreme fatigue to extreme hyperactivity.What are 5 signs of bipolar?The 5 signs of Bipolar includes a combination of mania or hypomanic and depressive disorder:What are the signs of bipolar in women?A few of these signs can be seen in Bipolar women:Does Bipolar worsen with age?If untreated, bipolar can definitely get worse with growing age. A person should seek help on an immediate basis if she/he experiences any kind of difficulty in his/her daily life and daily basic tasks.
Yashika Agarwal
Yashika Agarwal
Wed Jun 01 2022

Getting over a breakup

Breakup is the most painful phase of your life. Nobody wants a breakup as people thrive on love. At times, some situations lead to a breakup – and you have no choice but to deal with it.Besides, it hurts to tell the person that you won’t be with the person anymore. Even though most millennials take breakup positively – and see it as a step toward personal growth. For some, it can lead to a painful road ahead. Dealing with a breakup is never easy – so let us see the 5 stages of a breakup a person goes through.5 Stages of a BreakupStage 1 – DenialIt’s the first stage of a breakup – where a person might feel shocked and deny the fact. In denial, a person might recollect all sorts of promises made like – she promised that she would stay forever, or he told me that he was the one for me. It’s a stage, where you may try to convince that your partner might change the decision and you’ll be together again.Stage 2 – BargainingIt is a stage – where a person wants one more chance. After denial, you may want to bargain for another chance. You may ask your partner – Can we give our one last try?It’s a stage – where you want to know why it happened. People often look for clarity and closure during the phase of breakup.Stage 3 – AngerOnce you have moved from the denial stage – the next stage is anger. After a breakup, you’ll have an angle on what occurred – and you weren’t expecting this. Here, you could be angry with yourself for not investing in the relationship or with your partner who broke all the promises made.In either case, it may take time to possess that something happened – and things have ended. Besides, anger is an emotion that often surfaces on a deeper and emotional level.Stage 4 – DepressionMany people suffer from and grief after a breakup, especially if the relationship was an intimate one. At this point, you’ll accept the reality that the breakup happened – and you will grieve or feel sad.Feeling sad is normal – and it helps you give closure. However, if you slip into a deep depression – you might need emotional help. Seek your family support or talk to your friends.Stage 5 – AcceptanceAcceptance is the most vital stage – where a person accepts a breakup. And once this happens, you might feel more positive towards life. There is no option but to move on with life – so here you can find ways to deal with it positively.Once you feel resolved about it, it will make you emotionally and mentally stable. Additionally, acceptance helps you seek new love later on.Seeking closure after a romantic breakupSeeking closure after a romantic relationship breakup may help you feel better about yourself. At times, a breakup means finding yourself and changing things for good. Plus, it can help you improve your future relationships.Getting over a breakup teaches you – that you won’t make the same mistake again. Anxiety after a breakup is common. But when you seek closure, it may leave you more satisfied and content. Also, it may change the way you look at things or people in life. Breaking up with someone you love will help you evolve in life.Top 5 tips to get over a breakupGetting through a breakup might require some patience and a positive outlook. Besides, you can:Personal growth after a breakupOn the brighter side, self-growth after a breakup gives a new dimension to life. Personal growth focuses on how to improve characteristics, beliefs, and traits.Have you noticed that people who take up breakup positively work on their body and choose fitness; some also train their minds to become strong emotionally.Additionally, some people recognise environmental factors, as they gain distance from relationships. In short, personal growth helps to enhance future relational quality.Online counseling for the breakupBreakups might feel like your world has come to an end, but this isn’t true. Dealing with a breakup may surely be a tough thing to do – but not impossible. You can seek emotional support from friends and family – when feeling low.Another option is to opt for online counseling for a breakup. If you’re feeling depressed or are struggling to move on in life, rely on a trusted friend.An online therapist can be someone you can trust on. Plus, with online counseling, you will get private and confidential support. The can change your life for good. TickTalkTo has top rated psychologists like , , , , and , who can help you with breakup. and start your therapy journey now.Breakup FAQsHow to get over a breakup?Rebuild your self-esteem – and try not to go for a rebound. Give yourself the space you need – and go for a social media detox. Right down what you feel and let go of your ideas of closure. Seek emotional support from friends, family, pets, or online counseling experts.How do you know your ex is over you?If he/she is cold or rude – when he/she talks to you or he/she is already in a new relationship, it is a red flag. If he/she has un-friended or blocked you on social media sites or if he told you that he/she has moved on, you know for sure.Is it normal to cry every day after a breakup?Breakup triggers many emotions like – sadness, , regret, guilt, anger, and bargaining. Understanding your emotional state might take time, which often leads to crying uncontrollably. As time passes, the acceptance phase will kick in – and you will cry less.What should you not do after a breakup? or brooding on past mistakes is a complete no. Don’t idealize the person who dumped you – and avoid dating the next day. Take a break from your life and go for a trip. Don’t disconnect from your loved ones – or else it might lead to severe depression.How do I move on?Practice gratitude – and let go of the relationship, as you can’t do anything about it. Socialize with the support group – and write down what you learned from your relationship in a breakup diary. Seek new challenges and opportunities and stay optimistic.It can get hard to manage a breakup by self. can help.
Mridula Sharma
Mridula Sharma
Tue May 10 2022

Social anxiety disorder (SAD)

Ananya, a fourteen years old girl, attended her friend’s birthday celebration. She returned home hurriedly, threw on her designer shoes and locked herself in a room. She felt people were mocking her dress sense, particularly about her expensive shoes. She was in the room for two days and did not come out. For a normal person, it could be interpreted as Ananya being hyper-reacting. In the realm of medical terms, this is known as Social Anxiety. A mental health issue that is more common in teenagers. Social anxiety is a condition of mind in which a person is constantly concerned about the style of dressing, appearance and feels constantly anxious despite looking most attractive. This anxiety is not only limited to dressing sense, but also about other aspects of one’s personality and life. This anxiety is reinforced by the anxiety of getting ridiculed by society, people, or any other social gatherings where they go. Social anxiety in adults or a teenager can lead to withdrawing from the people around them.In the same way, Tarun, a 20-year-old was to be the one to address the audience in the elocution contest. When he got on stage, he began sweating heavily and his heart rate intensified. He experienced numbness on his feet and hands. The pain was beyond his control and he was forced to step away from the stage.It is also possible to brush it off as nervousness, but it’s much more and can be a Social Phobia, which is an anxiety that is often related to people or gatherings.What is social anxiety?According to National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), Social anxiety disorder is an extremely common anxiety disorder. The person suffering from social anxiety disorder may experience feelings of anxiety or fear in situations in which they might be scrutinised, assessed, or judged by others, for example, talking in public and making new acquaintances, dating and going through a job interview, or answering a question in a class or speaking to a cashier at the shop. Things that are routine like drinking or eating in front of other people or using public restrooms could trigger anxiety or fear because of fears of being judged, humiliated or judged.Social PhobiaThe fear of social anxiety, also known as “Social Phobia” is far too costly to be conscious of appearance or stage fright. It’s a constant anxiety of being in a social setting or a crowd of new individuals, public speaking, or a crowd or any other individual. Fear of constantly being judged and being scrutinised and watched every minute is one of the primary signs of Social Anxiety Disorder.Symptoms of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)Causes of Social Anxiety DisorderDiagnosis of Social Anxiety DisorderNow and then, experiencing Social Anxiety is not uncommon, however, if it becomes a constant issue in everyday activities where social events are inevitable, then consulting an expert in Mental Health is an absolute requirement. Your healthcare provider will determine if another condition is responsible for your anxiety, or whether you suffer from social anxiety as well as a different mental or physical health issue. After a thorough examination, the mental health professional will recommend the best treatment option based on your needs.Your doctor may decide to diagnose you in light of;DSM-5 criteria for the diagnosis of social anxiety disorderPsychometric assessments like the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) are used to screen for social anxiety. You can take the .Treatment for Social Anxiety DisorderTreatment is contingent on how much social anxiety disorder impacts the way you function within your everyday life. The most commonly used treatment for social anxiety disorders is psychotherapy (psychological counselling or talk therapy) or medications, or combinations of both for quicker and better outcomes.Psychotherapy and counselling is a well-established method that has seen significant improvements in the majority of people suffering from social anxiety disorders. In therapy, you are taught how to identify and alter your negative self-talk and learn skills that will help you improve your confidence in social situations.CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy)Cognitive treatment based on behavioural principles (CBT) is the best kind of psychotherapy to treat anxiety. It’s extremely efficient whether conducted in isolation or groups.In CBT which is based on exposure, you build toward facing the scenarios that you are most afraid of. This will help you improve your ability to cope with social gatherings, and help you build confidence in dealing with stressful situations. It is also possible to participate in role-playing or training to improve your social abilities and increase your comfort and confidence in your interactions with other people. Experimenting with situations of social interaction in small amounts helps to overcome your fears and ultimately overcome your anxieties.Medication and TreatmentMany medications are commonly prescribed to treat social Anxiety Disorders. To decrease the chance of adverse negative effects, your Psychiatrist might start you on a low dosage of medication, and then gradually increase your dosage until you reach the full dosage. It can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months of treatment to allow the symptoms to begin to improve.Your physician may prescribe additional medications to treat symptoms of social anxiety for example;AntidepressantsIf depression also persists, as does social anxiety disorder then antidepressants can be a component of the treatment.Anti-anxiety drugsWhile they’re often effective quickly, they can also be addictive and sedating, which is why they’re usually prescribed only for temporary usage.Beta-blockersBeta-blockers can be prone to bias when it comes to the treatment of SAD. They are effective in blocking the stimulant effects of the hormone epinephrine (adrenaline). They can decrease the heart rate, blood pressure, heart pounding, and shaking of the muscles and voice. Due to this, they can be most effective when employed infrequently to manage symptoms in a specific situation like making an address. They aren’t recommended for the general treatment of anxiety disorders such as social.Hope is the most important thingThe majority of treatment options for mental health issues are based on a trial-and-error basis due to insecurity. Don’t give up when the treatment isn’t able to show results right away. Keep going with therapy and medications over weeks or even months. The development of new skills to help you manage your anxiety will take time. For certain people, the symptoms of social anxiety can diminish over time and the medication may be stopped. Some may require medications for a long time to avoid the possibility of a relapse. Be in touch with your physician and keep track of any anxiety problems. This will help in conversations and helps to avoid the possibility of relapse.Lifestyle shiftsThough social anxiety disorder usually requires assistance from an experienced medical professional or psychotherapist, you can test one of these methods to manage situations that may cause symptoms:Begin with baby steps and practiceThe first step is to think about your fears to determine what situations trigger you the most stress. Gradually, you can practice these techniques until they reduce your anxiety. Begin by taking small steps and setting goals for your day or week in situations that aren’t too overwhelming. The more you work at it and practice, the less anxious you’ll be.Try practising these scenarios:Prepare yourself for social situationsBeing social while you’re anxious can be difficult. However difficult it may appear initially be, you shouldn’t stay away from situations that cause you to feel anxious. When you face these types of circumstances, you’ll develop and strengthen your ability to cope. Social gatherings are a common thing to attend. Find ways to socialize with the people in your vicinity.These techniques can help you get ready for situations that cause you to be nervous:Support and Coping techniquesThese techniques for dealing with stress can reduce anxietyAs time passes over time, these strategies will help you manage your symptoms and help prevent repeat relapses. Be reminded that you’re able to manage your anxiety and that anxiety will pass quickly and the negative outcomes you are worried about are not likely to come.Online counselling can helpThe shift to is the newest trend. There are a variety of platforms that provide excellent counselling services. Continue your treatment even during the times of the pandemic from the comfort of your home. Online counselling is equally effective when treating social anxiety disorders and other mental health problems.The success of therapy depends a lot on your commitment as well as the expertise of the psychologists and psychiatrists. TickTalkTo has curated list of therapists like , , , and , who can help you with anxiety disorders. and start your therapy journey now.Humans are social beings, hence begin to mingle and socialise!
Lavanya Vallabh
Lavanya Vallabh
Mon May 02 2022

Is the internet jeopardizing your relationship with your child?

On the afternoon of July, 2021, I officially graduated from my Masters in Clinical Psychology course. To commemorate this milestone, I posted a heartfelt status on my WhatsApp conveying my feelings about my college and my course.My father saw my status and at first, he laughed, asking me why I would say such a thing. In his eyes, my university is wonderful, with a good campus and advanced technology and infrastructure- the power of marketing, you see! So, we both laughed it off and I thought that was the end of it.But right before my dad left the house, he chastised me by saying I should have at least used “good language” because what will the people who see the status think of me?Now for me, as a 25-year-old, it hardly makes a difference what my father thinks or says about my social media posts. Nothing he can do or say can worsen or fix our relationship; it is what is. Nothing he says will be the worst thing he’s said to me, which is a testament to just how many horrible things he has said to me.But if you’re a parent to a teenager or a pre-teen who has just started using the internet, doing what my father did is a sure shot way of rupturing your relationship with your child. And trust me, you don’t want to do that.I remember when I was a teenager and my father once asked me to change my WhatsApp profile picture. I suppose seeing me with a red lipstick and my tongue out might have scandalized him and clutch his imaginary pearls. I understood why the racy picture made him uncomfortable and changed it immediately.A few years after that, when I had just finished my Masters in Sociology, I posted pictures from my farewell on my Facebook story. One of those happened to be with a very close male friend where he was hugging me. After I posted the picture, my father called me up and asked me to delete it. Just like that. No explanation. No conversation. Just a “Delete your Facebook status”. Even when he came home that night, he did not offer an explanation or start a conversation, simply asked me if I had deleted it or not.That is the day I blocked my father on Facebook, and I would have done the same for Twitter and Instagram if he had one. I realized that controlling as my father may be at times, I do not want to be dictated or censored about what I post on social media. What parents like my father forget is that their child’s social media isn’t their home. I don’t follow the rules of the house on social media, I follow the rules I make for myself.Parents who do things like these, and worse, risk jeopardizing their relationship with their kids by inducing distrust in them. Just yesterday, I read a about a father who catfished her own 15-year-old daughters to “teach her about internet safety”. When his daughter found out, she was obviously devastated. Not only did she have to come to terms with the fact that the boy she developed a crush on did not exist, she also had to deal with the very uncomfortable feeling of having flirted with her own father for weeks.When you chastise your child about what they post on social media or censor them (or catfish them), what you’re essentially doing is sending them a message that they cannot trust you. That you will judge them. That you want to control them. This widens the communication gap between parents and children that’s already widening, with the boom of technology and internet.This is the time in human history, if one were to pick any, when it’s vital that your child trusts you, especially with their social media- simply because the internet itself is just 50 years old. We are still navigating this vast, mostly unexplored ocean and we’re far from “safe” on the internet. Our data is currency that’s traded on the daily by tech giants. In a time like this, do you really want your child to think they cannot come to you about concerns regarding the internet or their social media?I am not saying that you give your pre-teen free reign to surf the internet however they like and do not set any ground rules at all, but stalking them, keeping tabs on what they post and who they speak to or asking them to delete pictures (I’m looking at you, daddy) is only making things worse. Your child will go out of their way to make sure they hide their social media presence from you completely and that you no longer have access to them, just like I did. Your kid will start thinking twice before not just posting anything on social media, but also before speaking to you. Censoring them and controlling their social media is a sure shot way on instilling fear in your kids, which will eventually lead to them shutting you out completely.Instead, what you can do is keep communication open: ask them what they think about something or what made them post something, instead of demanding they delete it or censor themselves for your own comfort. In the long run, you’re hampering your child’s freedom and ability to express themselves. Constantly having to think about pleasing you or worse, not making you angry or upset, will act as a blockade in your child’s way of exploring the full range of emotions and subsequently expressing those emotions.I mean, imagine what would happen if my dad knew of my Instagram and YouTube and I had to think about him before uploading a post?Exactly.
Aiman Shaikh
Aiman Shaikh
Fri Apr 08 2022

Sleep

Definition of sleepAfter a long and tiring day, there is nothing better than to curl up on an upholstered bed, and then fall to the sounds of peaceful sleep. It’s the normal process that our bodies need after working hard to unwind completely and replenish the strain on the body via recovering. The following day, after the restful night’s sleep, you feel rejuvenated and fresh.What happens when you sleep?Researchers continue to research sleeping patterns and how they play an important role in the creation of specific kinds of memories. A few studies have shown that certain types of memories can be solid in a condition of fast eye (REM) sleep that is when you are dreaming and sleeping. Certain studies have shown that certain kinds of memories can be preserved when you are in deep sleep due to slow waves. Scientists are getting a better understanding of the effects of sleep and its effects on the brain. However, there are many questions to be addressed. Experts suggest that adults get between 7 and 9 hours of rest every night.Optimal quantity of sleepIt is widely accepted that humans need eight hours of sleep. Certain individuals may rest longer, or less. But, in the clinical sense, the demands to rest are different in various categories of people.The importance of sleepGrowth hormones in young children and adults happen during sleep. The majority of body cells exhibit increased production and decreased breakdown of proteins in deep sleep. Major metabolic activities and other hormonal activities are carried out during sleep which affects memory, heartbeat, brain functioning, and other major activities thus affecting overall well-being.Stages of sleepAs we’ve mentioned before, sleep is a dynamic process. Two distinct states change in cycles and show different levels of brain activity. Each state is defined by a different kind of brain wave (electrical activity recorded using electrodes that are placed in the skull) activity. Sleep is comprised of non rapid eyes motion (NREM) as well as REM sleep (rapid eye movements)These stages of NREM sleeping along with restorative sleep repeat repeatedly throughout the night. Stages I, II III as well as IV, are followed by REM sleep. A complete cycle of sleep starting from stage I through the end of stage IV REM sleep, generally lasts approximately one and a half hours.To be able to analyse the night’s sleep is split into three equal times that include sleep in the early 3rd of the evening, which contains the most NREM sleep; sleep in mid-night and finally, sleep in the final part of the night. The bulk consists of REM. The reason you wake up after a long night’s sleeping is generally due to REM sleep.NREM SleepStage I is a phase of restful sleep. It is regarded as a transitional stage between sleep and wakefulness. In this stage when muscles start to loosen. This occurs after the time you fall asleep, and also during short awakenings during sleep which typically accounts for about 5%- 10% of sleep duration. It is possible to be awakened in this phase.Stage II takes place throughout the night and accounts for 40% up to 50 percent of the total amount of sleep. In stage II brain waves slow down, with occasional bursts of fast waves. Eye movements stop in this stage.Stage III is when very slow brain waves known as delta waves start to begin to appear. They are interspersed with smaller, quicker waves. This stage accounts for around 20% of all sleep time. Stage III can be referred to as deep sleep. During this stage, all movement of the eyes and muscles stops. It is hard to get someone to awake in these two phases. If someone wakes up in deep sleep, he may not respond immediately and usually experiences a feeling of disorientation and groggy for a few minutes the following awakening. Some children experience bedwetting during this time. People mostly experience nightmares or sleepwalking during this period.R Sleep or REM SleepREM sleep is 20% or more of the total amount of sleep. The REM phase follows NREM sleep and is experienced between four and five times during the normal 8 to 9-hour time frame. The initial REM time during the night could last shorter than 10 minutes and the final one could be longer than 60 minutes. In normal sleep, the episodes of REM occur approximately every 90 minutes.When a person is highly tired, the length of each episode of REM sleep is usually very brief or may be absent. REM sleep is typically related to dreaming. In REM sleep, eyes move quickly, the breathing and heart rate is irregular and rapid, while it is when the blood pressure increases. The muscles in the body are virtually unresponsive. The brain is very engaged during REM sleep and the brain’s overall metabolism can increase by as much as 20 percent. The electrical activity that is recorded in the brain throughout REM sleep is comparable to that recorded in wakefulness.Lack of sleepSleep deprivation is an indicator that you’re not getting enough rest. For most adults, the amount of sleep required for health is about seven to eight hours every night. For our nervous systems to perform at their best, sleep is essential. Lack of sleep makes people sleepy and ineffective on the following day. It also causes the impairment of physical and mental performance as well as less ability to complete maths-related calculations. If sleep deprivation persists with no relief, mood swings and hallucinations could develop.What are the primary causes of sleep loss?Sleep deprivation is mostly due to other diseases or other life-related issues. Sleep deprivation is getting more common. Many people try to alter their schedules to achieve the best they can, at the cost of cutting down on sleep. The issue of sleeping insufficiently is a major issue as we age. While older adults may require less rest than younger people, they tend to take longer rest and have shorter intervals than younger individuals. According to studies 50 percent of people who are older than 65 suffer from frequent sleep problems.The indicators of sleep deficiencyThe most frequently used indicators that you haven’t got enough rest are;The negative effects of sleep deprivationIf you don’t get enough sleep before entering the driving simulator or doing hand-eye coordination is just as hazardous, or riskier than those who drink.How can you tell whether you’re getting enough sleep?To determine the amount of sleep you’re getting throughout the night, ask yourself:What are sleep disorders? What are the different types of sleeping disorders?Sleep disorders can affect your sleep, or cause it to be difficult to fall asleep. In turn, it can cause an early morning that is restless and can also result in additional symptoms. All people experience sleep issues between the hours of 8 and 10.  Around 70 million people within the United States suffer from sleep conditions. There are around 80 kinds of sleep disorders. The most common are;InsomniaThe conditions of sleep disorders cause individuals to experience difficulties in sleeping, or even falling asleep. People suffering from insomnia display at least some of the symptoms such as;At the very minimum, one problem throughout the day like fatigue, insomnia, or accidents while driving, at work, because of sleepiness.The length of sleepiness is determined by the length of time it lasts and how often it happens. A majority of people suffer from occasional sleepiness Women who have symptoms of PMS (premenstrual syndrome) issues, and post Menopause issues too might experience insomnia. The acute or adjustment type of insomnia may last one night or a few days. Chronic insomnia is experienced by those experiencing insomnia at least three times each week for one month.Acute or short-term insomnia is usually due to the stress of your life (such as job losses or changes, the death of a loved one, or possible relocation) or an illness or external triggers like lighting, noise, and extreme temperatures.Sleep ApneaSleep Apnea can be an extremely serious sleep disorder. It can be triggered when the respiration of the person is disturbed when they sleep. Sleep apnea sufferers who are not treated are not able to breathe consistently throughout the night.Two kinds of sleep apneas, obstruction and central.The condition, which is also called restless leg syndrome (RLS)is an insomnia-related condition that can trigger an intense, sometimes uncontrollable desire to move your legs. RLS typically occurs during the evening, which makes it difficult to sleep, and lots of people are forced to stay there in bed. People who suffer from RLS tend to move their legs to ease the discomfort.NarcolepsyNarcolepsy is an illness of the brain that impacts your ability to control your awakeness and also sleep. Patients with Narcolepsy are more likely to have excessive sleepiness in the night and intermittent bouts of restlessness throughout the day. Patients suffering from Narcolepsy may notice a sudden weakening of muscles as a result of the stress of laughter or other emotions. In most cases, the condition isn’t diagnosed and is therefore not addressed.Circadian Rhythm Sleep DisorderCircadian disturbances in the rhythm include a variety of sleep disorders that share the same features as an interruption in the sleep cycle. Circadian in Latin is “around and roughly” (circa) “every day” (Diem). The circadian cycle can be described as the term that can be used to describe the body’s 24 hours “internal clock.” The internal clock regulates the body’s sleep-wake cycles.Assisting you to “set an internal clock” throughout the day, you have an eye perspective of light, especially how bright it is, the length of time spent in the light, and the amount of time spent in light. It is sent by the eyes to a certain “control centre” located in your brain. Other factors affect the internal clock within your body, such as your hormone, Melatonin (a hormone that is made by your brain and plays a major part in the process of resting) along with physical activities and even your social behaviour. The old age of your body may influence your ability to identify the time of your wake/sleep cycle.Circadian insomnia shows the following symptoms;Sleep disorders and medicationsThe last option in the treatment of any illness. It is imperative to seek medical treatment in the event you require medical attention in the event of an urgent need. Many tablets are available from the market for sleep medications.What happens when you’re a Hypersomniac?Oversleeping, sometimes referred to as long-sleeping, occurs the time you are sleeping for longer than 9 hours over 24 hours.” Hypersomnia 2″ can be described as a condition that may cause the person to fall asleep too often and feel a lack of sleep during the daytime. Sleep disorders and narcolepsy usually result in hypersomnia. Doctors also talk about over-sleeping which can trigger anxiety in the morning. as well as a long time of sleep (EQS). If the root cause of the sleepiness isn’t known, the condition is termed hypersomnia idiopathic.What is Melatonin? What is its purpose?Melatonin hormone can be located within the pineal gland in the system of endocrine. It’s tiny, small-sized, and situated in the brain’s cortex. It functions by stimulating cells during the period when it’s the best time to bed or wake up. It releases the hormone when you’re in the dark. This is the reason it’s referred to in the form of the”hormone of the dark”.The body normally produces more hormones, referred to as melatonin, during the night. The levels of hormones typically rise in the evening and then drop in the early morning as the sunset approaches.In daylight, it’s thought that the pineal gland becomes less active. When the night is nearing or at sunset the pineal gland becomes more active, and it releases Melatonin. Melatonin is released into the blood. Melatonin levels in blood rise by about 12 hours and will increase throughout the night.Functions of MelatoninThe research suggests that melatonin performs a different role in the body that does not occur in sleep. By the guidelines for practising from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (2017) and the American College of Physicians (2016), there isn’t enough evidence of the effectiveness or security of melatonin supplements for patients suffering from chronic insomnia to justify the need to make use of this. The American College of Physicians guidelines strongly recommends using CBT-I to treat sleep disorders (CBT-I).Tips to help you sleepSome are fortunate enough to experience sleepy and peaceful nights to go to bed. Some aren’t so lucky and are unable to get an adequate night’s rest. A sound night’s rest is essential for overall well-being and mental well-being.Below are some excellent tips to help you rest better;How online counselling can help treat sleep disordersThis is composed of professionals who are adept to deal with a broad variety of mental health issues and illnesses. It is possible to avail the assistance of online counsellors who are attentive to your concerns and offer solutions. The customer can access the services through various platforms accessible via the internet. Sessions for counselling are available via audio and chat emails and calls. Access to professionals’ assistance from the comfort of your own home has never been this effortless. In order to achieve maximum productivity, we tend to skip sleep. However busy we might be, a good night’s sleep, especially in the “Golden Hours” is a must for the overall wellbeing and higher levels of productivity.
Lavanya Vallabh
Lavanya Vallabh
Tue Mar 15 2022

Loneliness and mental wellbeing

Loneliness MeaningLoneliness is a complex emotion – as there is no single cause for the feeling. Besides, what exactly leads to loneliness is unknown. But it is a damaging state of mind – that can affect your health and well-being.Loneliness is the perception of social isolation or the subjective feeling of being lonely. Loneliness can be a state of solitude or . In most cases, it may cause people to feel unwanted or empty. A lonely person may crave human contact – but the state of mind is not stable to connect.The condition is often associated with despair, isolation, wariness, and poor social skills. According to experts, loneliness is not about being alone – it is about the state you feel in your mind. For example, you might feel lonely in a group of ten people – so that is your state.Before the Pandemic more than 28% of those who lived alone reported loneliness. But after the Pandemic, more than 67% of those who lived alone felt lonelier. However, there is a difference between being a hermit and being alone. You can stay alone – and still be happy, but it depends on how you perceive your emotions. Solitude and loneliness are two different things, so let us understand further.Loneliness vs. SolitudeIsolation and loneliness can be detrimental to physical and mental health – but seclusion is not the same as loneliness. Solitude has many health benefits – including rejuvenation. When you spend time alone – it helps you recharge and prepare your mind for new challenges.Is Loneliness a Mental Health Problem?Loneliness is not a mental health issue – but there is a connection between the two. Having mental health problems increases your chances of feeling alone. For example, most people who have or are unhappy tend to feel lonely.Besides , social can lead to loneliness. You may find it difficult to engage in daily activities involving people, which could lead to loneliness.Feeling lonely can impact your mental health. A clinical study suggests that loneliness is linked with an increased risk of low self-esteem or depression. Often depression isolates you from people, which could result in loneliness.Causes of LonelinessAs stated above – there are no causes that can differentiate the condition. But it depends on situational variables like – location, physical isolation, , divorce, etc. Also, the death of someone significant in life could trigger the feeling of loneliness. A physiological disorder like – sadness is one cause of loneliness.At times, it can be caused by internal factors like loss of self-worth or low confidence. People who lack confidence often believe that they aren’t worthy of attention, which leads to isolation and loneliness.Personality traits also play a role. For example, introverts are not able to connect quickly and often face , which leads to loneliness. Apart from this, many contributing factors cause the condition like – rejection in love or job.Health Risks Associated With LonelinessNot only mental – but the condition also has many physical implications in the body. Most people suffer from alerted brain function – when they feel lonely – and some even resort to drug misuse. It is associated with stress, which increases with time and causes cardiovascular diseases and heart problems.It causes decreased memory function and learning – and at times, contributes to Alzheimer’s disease progression. For example, elders who feel lonely often suffer from Alzheimer’s disease. Additionally, it causes depression and poor decision-making. The condition also disturbs sleep patterns, which causes other health issues in the body.Tips to Prevent and Overcome LonelinessYou can overcome loneliness – but you will require an effort from your end along with change. is the best option to trounce loneliness. It allows you to connect with a therapist – whenever you are sad or feeling lonely.Online Counselling for LonelinessLoneliness can leave you feeling disconnected and completely isolated from others. It can have serious health implications on your mind and body. So, it’s vital to reach out to a trusted therapist and overcome your condition.It can be challenging to reaching out to old friends and family at times. If you are in such a situation, online counselling can help you gain back the confidence to rebuild relationships and cure . Therapists on the can help you overcome loneliness. They have helped thousands of people just like you who are struggling with loneliness. Take control of your life now by speaking with a therapist now. Start feeling better with .
Team TickTalkTo
Team TickTalkTo
Tue Mar 08 2022

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) MeaningOCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder affects your mind – causing unwanted sensations or thoughts. It urges you to do an action repeatedly. Most people suffer from compulsion and obsession in OCD.It can start with a simple thought that can drive people to do something again – and again. These repetitive thoughts or actions can interfere with daily activities and social interactions.Also, OCD is a mental disorder that affects people of all types and ages. A person suffering from OCD gets caught in the . And these obsessions can be intrusive, unwanted, or may trigger distressing feelings.Contrary to the belief, OCD is not about negative emotions or biting nails. Instead, the habits may include – washing your hands many times a day and cleaning something again and again. All the thoughts are persistent for a person with OCD, and their behavior is rigid. And, not performing the behavior causes . Even if the thoughts are not realistic – a person with OCD might face difficulty stopping compulsive action or disengaging in obsessive thoughts.OCPD – Obsessive-Compulsive Personality DisorderThe condition is characterized by an invasive obsession with perfectionism and control that slows down a task. Therefore, a person with OCPD needs to impose their standards on their outside setting.People with the condition can be distinguished by;Most people with OCPD have no idea about how they behave or act. They believe that what they do is correct – and what others say is wrong. About 2 to 7 percent of the general population is estimated to have OCPD. It is more common in men than women. Moreover, OCPD may occur in most families – so genes may be involved.Anankastic Personality DisorderIn Anankastic Personality Disorder, a person has an extreme preoccupation with orderliness. It focuses more on interpersonal control and perfectionism. At times, due to efficiency and flexibility.Unlike other personality disorders – the disorder has an early onset and is stable over time. However, its functioning may result in impairment and distress. affects more than 23% of the clinical population – but it is still an under-researched and under-diagnosed disorder. In addition, the categorical model of APD has been criticized – as it lacks proper diagnostic validity. Most studies emphasize that the personality traits of the condition are dimensional rather than categorical. Besides, there is the heterogeneity of OCPD and high comorbidity of PD in general.Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Signs and SymptomsSymptoms of OCD can be categorized into obsession and compulsions.Obsessive behavior symptoms in OCDObsessive thoughts can vary depending on the condition – but the most common symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder are:The persistence to above thoughts leads to stronger certainty that they might come true.Compulsive behavior symptoms in OCDCompulsions are a response to obsessions. You might be compelled to take any action to relieve stress. Common compulsive behaviours in OCD are:ICD – 10 diagnostic criteria is – when the symptoms are present for more than two weeks – and can be a source of distress.A DSM 5 diagnostic criterion is – when there is the presence of obsession and compulsion both.Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) DiagnosisThere are four main criteria to diagnose Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:Causes of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)OCD appears to be genetic in most cases. Genes affect how your brain responds to neurotransmitters Serotonin and Dopamine.Another study suggests that the person with OCD learns to avoid fear associated with some situations performing rituals to reduce risk. The initial fear begins with a traumatic event or significant loss. Once the person associates the circumstances with fear, he tends to avoid the situation that characterizes OCD.OCD may also start when people misinterpret their thoughts. And the intrusive thoughts become extreme or intense with time. Finally, a person with OCD becomes convinced that the action is about the happen. And in response to the situation, they take action to prevent danger.At times, stressful life events also trigger OCD due to predisposition or otherwise. Most people have reported the symptoms of OCD due to circumstances like – childbirth, complications during pregnancy, conflict, serious illness, and traumatic brain injury.Autoimmune related causesSymptoms of OCD may well appear in children after an infection like;Clinicians call these symptoms – Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS). In this case, the symptoms may start suddenly and reach full intensity within two or three days. However, they might disappear after a while – depending on the cause.Treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) treatment may not result in a cure – but will help to reduce the symptoms. A clinical professional who is adept in mental illness can offer treatments like:Online counselling and therapy for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)The treatment for OCD has become more accessible with online counselling and therapy services. There are many websites which can provide you access to e-therapy from the comfort of your home.Best psychologists and psychiatrists for OCD treatment are available on the . You can easily connect with them and start your treatment for OCD. Success of therapy depends on your commitment. It is important to trust the process since therapy is a long-term treatment and the progress is gradual. Remember, things can get better with treatment. Don’t delay seeking help.
Mridula Sharma
Mridula Sharma
Fri Feb 18 2022

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder happens to a person after a tangled mix of stressful events, causing them to feel helpless, startled and anxious such as threatened to death, sexual violence, serious injury or witnessing some disturbing event.People with PTSD may relive the event via intrusive memories, flashbacks and nightmares; avoid anything that reminds them of the trauma; and have anxious feelings they didn’t have before that are so intense their lives are disrupted.Causes of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)One can go through Post Traumatic Stress Disorder when they either experience or witness life changing, threatening or near death experiences.In reference to other mental health problems, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder also can be caused by a tricky mix of;Global stressful events like the pandemic can significantly contribute to PTSD prevalence. A survey by Anita Khokhar and Suraj Prakash Singh indicates that 28.2% of the population suffered from PTSD during lockdown in India.Signs And Symptoms Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)To diagnose with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder a person must fall under certain criteria mentioned in DSM-V (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders) which includes;Here is a real-life account of Emma Boman Högmark, 31, Sweden on their experience with PTSD;Diagnosis Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Certain steps and guidelines must be followed to diagnose Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder;Treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Singer and songwriter has opened up about her struggles with PTSD. The trigger for her PTSD was the suicide bombing at her concert that killed 22 people in Manchester, UK, in May 2017. Interestingly, she got a brain scan done that showed the physical impact that PTSD has had on her brain. She publicly shared the brain scan with her fans on Instagram and they are showing a great deal of support over the ordeal. Grande famously stated that.If you have PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder), or have symptoms that last longer than a few months after the traumatic event is over, your best chance of getting better is by working with a mental health or medical provider. Good treatments are available that have been shown to help all kinds of people. If you continue to experience distress, see a mental health or medical provider. is a good place to start. Or, talking to your primary care provider is a good place to start.Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder includes psychotherapy at a primary level along with some medications if required. It helps you regain your control over your thoughts and feelings, it includes:The aim is to help you improve your negative thought patters that are causing you trouble in your daily life routine. Therapy helps you open up and talking about the events you witnessed. allows you to connect to a therapist in a safe space facilitating therapy sessions via audio-video calls and direct messages or a combination of both. If you feel even a minor discomfort in your life do not worry or over think it, act over it. Remember, healing is a slow but a beautiful process.
Yashika Agarwal
Yashika Agarwal
Fri Feb 11 2022

Best Online Counselling and Online Therapy in India

Do you need support from a mental health professional because you’re in distress? Is your treatment on hold because of the pandemic? Online Therapy, provided by some of India’s greatest online counselling platforms, is here to help. The pandemic has brought up new therapy options. This is what we refer to as the survival instinct. Not only can you get medical care online, but you can also get support with your mental health and overall well-being.Many people who were receiving counselling, CBT, Psychotherapy, and treatment for their various Mental Health Conditions came to a halt as a result of the epidemic. In the last two years, there has been a significant increase in the number of cases of stress, anxiety, depression, suicide, domestic violence, divorce, burnout and other mental health disorders.When treatment for a variety of health concerns can be accessed through Online Consultation platforms, why not take advantage of the services and continue treatment for one’s mental health via the Internet?What is Online Mental Health Counselling?Due to current market trends, Mental Health Counselling, also known as Psychological Counselling, which was previously only available on a 1-to-1 help basis, is now available online. That is, via the internet, also known as E-Counselling, Cyber Counselling, Tele Counselling, Web Counselling, Internet Counselling, and so on. This service is available via a variety of channels, including phone calls, emails, text messages, and voice or video calls. This is just as beneficial as one-on-one counselling, which is usually done in person. Many hospitals, foundations, and associations of Psychotherapists, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, Counsellors, and other professionals in the field have been established. So much so, the Government of India announced the National Tele Mental Health Program in the Union Budget 2022.Services offered by Online Counselling PlatformsThese Online Counselling Platforms provide a professional staff of top psychologists, top psychiatrists and other mental health experts who can help with a wide range of concerns. These therapists are sometimes known as online psychologists or web therapists. When treatment for a variety of health concerns can be obtained through online consultation platforms, why not take advantage of the services and continue treatment for one’s mental well-being in this manner?Here is a list of services offered by Online Counselling Platforms;And the list goes on…. Here, there are mental health experts who are adept in their respective fields and can guide one in the times of despair. One can visit the desired platform, choose the right expert for their issue and avail the Counselling Session as per the availability and convenience sitting in the comforts of the home.The Advantages of Online CounsellingWide choice of expert psychologists, therapists and psychiatristsThe nicest part about online psychological counselling is that it brings together psychologists, psychiatrists, counsellors, and other mental health specialists from all around the country/world on a single platform. Here, the entire world becomes your palate, allowing you to select from a wide range of psychologists from Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai and more.Safe space, confidential and stigma-freeAvailing therapy by visiting the therapist’s clinic can be daunting for many of us since we might not want to be seen by anyone going to seek therapy because of the fear what people might think. With e-counselling, mobile apps, website or online portal can be used to contact these specialists from comfort of our homes in a safe and stigma-free space. Utmost confidentiality and maintaining anonymity is a highly desirable feature of Online Counselling, as one need not visit the therapist in person.Saves travel timeAll of us are crunched for time in today’s busy world. With e-therapy options, Just download the app and you are good to go.AffordableNot everyone can afford expensive in-person face-to-face counselling. The e-counselling option offer multiple choice with regards to affordability. One can pick up a package as per ones budget.Helps maintain COVID social distancingTelemedicine is the preferred choice in the post pandemic world. COVID has really altered the way we seek medical and mental health services. The online therapy options help us maintain social distancing and follow COVID protocol and guidelines. Even government has released India’s telemedicine guidelines and NIMHANS guidelines for tele-psychotherapy to encourage adoption of services online.India’s Best Online Counselling ServicesChoosing the proper platform judiciously from the profusion of Online Counselling Platforms is a difficult undertaking. This will save time, energy, and money when it comes to one’s Mental Health. Despite the fact that all of the platforms provide good services, some are well-known for their unique services and features and stand apart from the crowd.In addition to these platforms, there are also some NGO and government lead helplines which help people seeking help w.r.t. providing depression and distress counselling.There has been a significant growth in public awareness regarding mental health issues. As a result, many are turning to Mental Health specialists or online counsellors to find solutions to their concerns. People are becoming more aware of their overall health and well-being, and as a result, they have begun to accept Mental Health as a crucial element of a healthy lifestyle. Choosing the proper platform judiciously from the profusion of Online Counseling Platforms is a difficult undertaking. Focus on your unique needs and reputation of the therapy platform to pick your .
Lavanya Vallabh
Lavanya Vallabh
Wed Feb 02 2022

Self-harm, suicide prevention and India crisis helplines

What is self- harm?Self-harm is a form of behaviour in which an individual deliberately injures himself by cutting or burning or harming themselves in any other self- injurious way. It’s a sign of emotional distress and a form of a coping mechanism.Prevalence of the behaviourSelf-harm is very common and affects more people than we would imagine.It occurs mostly during teenage and young adulthood but can occur even at a later stage in life. Those individuals who have experienced trauma, neglect or abuse are most susceptible to it.Myths about self-harmIt’s not an attempt to take one’s life (suicide) and also it’s not a way to seek attention.Signs of self-harmBehavioural symptomsPhysical symptomsCognitive symptomsPsychosocial symptomsCo-morbid conditionsUnderstanding self-harm (based on self-reports)Facts about self-harmThe course of self-harmIt’s a vicious cycle. Feelings of anxiety and heightened emotions are followed by a strong impulse to self-harm. In trying to resist this impulse they feel more tension. The person is then more likely to engage in self-harm to release this tension. Right after the act of self-harm the person experiences feelings of shame and guilt. These negative emotions further lead to anxiety thus restarting the cycle.Coping with self-harmOn the surface, self-harm seems to be serving a purpose for the person who acts out the behaviour but it is only a stop gap fix for a more severe underlying problem. This problem if not addressed will only make self- harm a consistent and more dangerous feature in one’s coping mechanism.Treatment for self-harmThe treatment of self-harm requires an eclectic approach based on whether it is associated with a mental health disorder like depression or borderline personality disorder, the treatment plan then focuses on that disorder along with the self-injurious behaviour.Psychotherapy and talk therapyThe treatment option best suited for self- harming behaviour is psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, popularly known as talk therapy or psychological counselling entails;Various techniques for psychotherapy and talk therapySome effective individual psychotherapy techniques include;Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)It helps to identify unhealthy, negative thoughts and beliefs and replace them with positive , adaptive ones.Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)It’s a type of cognitive behavioural approach that teaches you emotional regulation, coping with stress and improving your relationships.Mindfulness based therapiesIt involves the use of breath work as a grounding technique to help stay in the present. Connecting with the five senses in the present moment and with the environment around us helps to urge surf and ride the wave of impulse to self-harm.Top 10 free helplines in India that help people with suicidal thoughtsIf you are feeling suicidal or have suicidal thoughts, help is at hand, please call any of the following helplines or visit the nearest hospital.AASRAAASRA is Suicide Prevention and Counselling NGO which provides free and confidential support for people in distress, prevention and crisis resources for you or your loved ones.Phone: 9820466726Email: aasrahelpline@yahoo.comTime: 24 hours, 7 days a weekiCALLiCall is a telephone and email based counselling service run by School of Human Ecology, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, that offers free telephone and email-based counseling services, to individuals in emotional and psychological distress, across age, language, gender, sexual orientation and issues, through a team of qualified and trained mental health professionals.Roshni HelplineRoshni is a Hyderabad based Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) and provides free and confidential emotional support for self-harm and suicidal tendencies.Samaritans MumbaiSamaritans Mumbai is a helpline providing emotional support for those who are stressed, distressed, depressed, or suicidal.Phone: +91 84229 84528 / +91 84229 84529 / +91 84229 84530Time: 5 PM and 8 PM (all days)NIMHANS PSSMHS HelplineNIMHANS is the first institute in India to start a helpline inclusively for Psychosocial support and mental health services during disasters. The helpline addresses the psychosocial issues of disaster survivors and creates a tertiary level support system for them during emergencies caused by disasters. It is a 24 x 7 toll free helpline. During disasters, people from any part of the country can call up at this number and avail psychosocial support and mental health services from mental health professionals.Phone: 080 – 4611 0007 (Toll free)info@nimhans.ac.inTime: 24X7SNEHASNEHA’s crisis helpline offers free counselling services over the telephone and over email to women and children facing violence and in distress.Phone: +91 9167535765crisis@snehamumbai.orgTime: 10 am and 6 pm from Monday to Saturday (first and third)Vandrevala FoundationVandrevala Foundation operates a free helpline if you feel depressed or suicidal. You can also get answers related to your own or someone else’s mental health. Call them to speak to one of their trained mental health counsellors.Phone: +91 9999 666 555help@vandrevalafoundation.comTime: 24/7/365SUMAITRISUMAITRI is a Delhi based voluntary organization, which is running a crisis intervention center for people who are depressed, distressed or may be feeling suicidal. All help offered by SUMAITRI is free and confidential, the anonymity of both callers and volunteers is maintained.Phone: 011-23389090 or +91-9315767849feelingsuicidal@sumaitri.netTime: 2:00 PM to 6:30 PM 7 Days a WeekCOOJThe COOJ Distress Helpline is a befriending helpline that follows the guideline of the befrienders charter. The principles of the helpline provide the framework within which they offer emotional support to those in emotional distress or feeling suicidal. These services are provided free of cost.Phone: 0832-2252525youmatterbycooj@gmail.comTime: Monday to Friday 1pm to 7pmMitram FoundationMitram is a suicide prevention helpline operating under the registered voluntary organization, Mitram Foundation. They are based in Bengaluru and provide emotional support in English, Hindi and Kannada.Phone: 080 2572 2573 or 90197 08133share@mitramfoundation.orgTime: 10 am to 4 pm on ALL DAYS.Final words To conclude, self- harm should be taken seriously, no matter what the cause. It is primarily a maladaptive coping mechanism used by individuals to overcome distressing emotions.One can completely recover from this behaviour with the right help and support.Please note does NOT offer crisis counseling or emergency services.
Navjot Dhillon
Navjot Dhillon
Thu Jan 27 2022

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a usual way of reacting to danger, it is the fight-or-flight response that is triggered when you feel threatened by any person or a situation. In simple fashion, Anxiety is a state that occurs when you feel threatened in any situation. Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes like increased blood pressure. These dangerous situations can be real or anticipated, for example; cracking an interview, appearing for an examination, going on a date or first day at school.Anxiety is a very common condition that can happen to anybody.What Anxiety feels like?Let us Illustrate an example to quote how anxiety feels like. Whenever you get anxious, you feel like someone is following you with a bag full of your thoughts, and even if you try hard you’re unable to get rid of the baggage or the figure carrying the baggage. With each and every thought present in front, you wonder what to do in such a situation? Often want to hide yourself from that figure but are unable to.Anxiety disorder appears when;Major Anxiety disorders include;Generalized Anxiety DisorderGAD is when you feel discomfort in your day to day work, you feel anxious even on small things. This mental state happens due to the disturbance in the chemicals present in the brain which are linked to a person’s mood for example: serotonin etc. You can assess GAD by taking the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7) on the .Obsessive-compulsive Disorder An overwhelming urge or desire to perform a task continuously, leading by intrusive and distressing thoughts. Easily reflects in the daily habits of a person for example: washing hand, cleaning or washing. Post-traumatic Stress DisorderGenerally seen after experiencing a huge incident, for example: being in a war zone, encountering something brutal or un obvious, surviving a disaster. PhobiasAn excessive or repeated fear of something. For example: fear of heights, animals, places and so on. Panic AttacksSudden intense fear that brings a person to the state of panic attack which involves feeling of choking, people often mis concept panic attack as a heart attack.  AgoraphobiaAgoraphobia is the fear of being at places where you feel difficult to escape from.  For example: Being in a public transport or any crowded place.CoronaphobiaThe COVID-19 pandemic has multiple socioeconomic and psychological ramifications. It has caused mental problems such as fear, anxiety as well as physical problems in humans. The concern of COVID-19 has been called coronaphobia. You can assess COVID-19 related anxiety by taking the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) on the .What Anxiety disorder does to your body?Anxiety disorders can also affect the functioning of your body in several ways including slowing the functioning and processing of your immune system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, central nervous system and excretory and digestive system.Causes of Anxiety attacks? can also be caused by anxiety issues when severe, features stronger emotions, more intense and overwhelming feelings than other types of anxiety disorders.It tends to start when something triggering appears or you feel you get stuck in a situation. Anxiety attacks are sudden and occur without a warning. For example; an important examination you have to appear for. Anxiety attacks generally peak within 10 minutes and rarely lasts more than 30 minutes. Within this short period of time you get to experience a rush of emotions and with the physical changes people may misconcept anxiety attacks with a heart attack. Where you totally loose control and the feeling of terror or fear reaches to the extent.Anxiety attacks affects your body in several ways including; A panic attack or anxiety attack do share some common symptoms but they are not the same. According to DSM-V anxiety attack is not mentioned anywhere so it comes under a category of panic attack.Self-help for AnxietyResources to help you fight anxiety disordersRemember, having symptoms of anxiety is different than having an anxiety disorder. If you think you have some symptoms of anxiety, it may be time to start a conversation with someone you trust to explore what is going on and how things can get better.
Yashika Agarwal
Yashika Agarwal
Wed Jan 12 2022

How Deepika Padukone Fought Depression

Mental illness is something that people like to hide under the sheath. Even if someone feels depressed – they don’t speak out and go into incognito mode. Mental illness or depression is not something to be embarrassed about – it is something people need to talk about. During bouts of , you might feel miserable about yourself. But during this phase, you need to stay aware. Mental illness begins with accepting that you’re suffering from it. Then, you need to talk about it with your parents, partner, friends, co-workers, or counselors. It is not easy to open up about mental illness and depression. But, in Bollywood, made the first move when she shared her which inspired others to come out and speak. She recently opened up about her depression in a special episode of Kaun Banega Crorepati. She quoted her foundation – The Live Love Laugh Foundation – aiming to help all the people who suffer from depression. Facts about Deepika’s storyBeing unhappy is different and not similar to being depressed. Depression is a complicated term and needs proper treatment. Determining the signs of depression is the first step towards healing.In a depressed state, you will feel hopeless. For many people – it is about lost faith and hope. Moreover, there can be a feeling of persistent sadness. When depressed – you will feel a loss of interest in many things. You won’t feel like eating, sleeping and you won’t be able to concentrate on your work. In depression – you will feel fatigued. Most people who suffer from chronic depression feel tired the whole day. Besides, you won’t feel like having your food. , , and depression are co-related. When you’re depressed, many constant fears trigger your mind. Following this, you can get an anxiety attack. A depressed state can cause irritability. You will feel irritated without any reason, as a result – you may even shout at your loved ones.You may gain weight or lose weight in depression. Also, gaining weight is a sign of chronic depression, and most people aren’t even aware of it. When you feel depressed – you suffer from uncontrolled emotions. You can cry any minute or become sad for no reason – you won’t be able to control your tears in sadness. This is a chronic sign of depression. Most people who suffer from chronic depression have suicidal thoughts. As a result of which they may end their life. You need to accept that you are in depression – it is the first step towards healing. Mental illness is a state that can be cured, and it starts with acceptance. Most people emphasize physical health, but mental health is equally important. Therefore, you should do your best to keep your mental health sound. Forgive and forget is a difficult yet best way to move on in life. If you hold past grudges against people – it will also disturb your mental health. The best way is to forgive the person and move on with your life. The energy that you channelize in a positive direction will affect your mental health. If you channelize your energy towards work or your passion – it will bring a good amendment. You can always impact someone’s by sharing your life story, or share your depression story with someone to motivate them and make them feel better. Some battles may be tiring,  but it is important to stay put. You can come out of depression when you fight your own battle and remain aware. Moreover, it is essential not to seek dependency on others. Once you know you’re feeling depressed – seek the support of your family or friends. Call up our best friend and speak your heart out. Besides, you can talk to your loved ones to feel better. It is ok to feel low if you are feeling depressed. You can have your bouts of sadness and mood swings. The key idea is to let out your emotions in some way. Once you know that you are depressed – the best way to seek therapy is through counseling and therapy. through apps can help you to heal in your journey.Self-help care, and resources to help you fight depressionLife is stressful, but controlling stress matters the most—practicing stress-relief techniques like yoga and meditation to manage stress. Reach out to your family if you stay alone and you’re feeling depressed. One phone call or one stay with them will make a difference in your mood.Don’t ignore the signs of depression. Once you know that you are depressed – seek early treatment. Early treatment ensures better healing. Continue the treatment the therapist offers for depression. Unfortunately, depression cannot be treated in a single day – you will need long-term maintenance treatment t for it. Some psychiatrists or therapists prescribe medications for depression. While these medicines can provide you relief, please don’t get too dependent on them for long-term relief. Some open forums and communities invite depressed people to share their stories. Sometimes it is best to pour your heart into strangers – you will feel better.Divert your mind when you feel depressed. Listen to your favorite song or start cooking. Cooking is great for relieving stress – it also changes your mood. It’s easier said than done – but at least you can try. Try staying positive for self-healing. Read good books and go for a walk to feel better. A positive frame of mind is suitable for your mood.Depression can affect your mental, emotional and physical state. It is beyond the feeling of sadness, and it is essential to recognise the early signs. If you cry without reason, are always sad, and don’t feel like doing anything – it is about time you take online counseling for depression. The right therapist will understand your problem, listen to you, and take you on a guided path to healing. As an online counseling session is between two people – you can trust the therapist with your problems. The idea is to speak your heart out – you can do it through online counseling for depression. You can try the app to screen yourself for depression by taking the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) assessment. Further you can book a session with verified psychologists and therapists to help overcome your depressive state.
Mridula Sharma
Mridula Sharma
Fri Jan 07 2022

The Ins and Outs of Understanding Relationships

Love is one of the purest emotion, and marriage solemnizes love. Therefore, most people seek love as an expression of a marriage alliance. Being compatible with someone and spending your life is one of the most meaningful aspects of life. Besides, marriage gives you a sense of fulfilment and the feeling of being with a soul mate. However, there is another aspect of a marriage. Some marriages don’t work even if you give your 100% to them. And, there are many reasons why sincerely committed couples to lose spark with time. But, acquiring skills to make a connection last needs effort, and if you don’t make that effort – the prevalence of relationship troubles starts.Some famous Bollywood couples like – Shahrukh Khan and Gauri, Ajay Devgan and Kajol, Akshay Kumar and Twinkle who have had a successful marriage run – All these stars have quoted that they made efforts and adjustments to make their marriage work.A marriage can’t work if you don’t make adjustments and efforts. Every couple may go through a troubled phase in marriage – but how you deal with the phase is essential. In addition, a successful marriage depends on a lifelong commitment. Moving on is not always ugly. For Example, Hrithik Roshan and Susan, Bill Gates and Melinda handled their divorce with dignity. Even after taking divorce – they chose to remain friends – setting an ideal example of a healthy relationship. Moving on is tough, but you can move on with mutual consent once you know the red flags. ;Online and therapy are essential for couples who wish to seek advice on relationship issues. In fact, any couple going through marital problems can benefit from therapy. A therapist can help the couples work on parenting frustrations, infidelity, financial worries, emotional or substance abuse. Couples that suffer from the difficulties of marriage can talk to an online counselor or therapist who is impartial and committed to being active listeners to both the parties involved. In addition, therapists can act as an advocate for the health of your relationship.In many cases, couples who had filed for divorce reconciled because of a successful . When no one understands – a counselor can better understand your marriage woes. Nowadays, many apps can help you with . We highly recommend you to try We have the best therapists who have successfully helped tens of thousands of people, struggling with relationships, just like you.
Team TickTalkTo
Team TickTalkTo
Wed Dec 29 2021

When “looking at the bright side” is a dull solution to stresses

How many times has it happened that you want to be helpful to a distressed friend and you end up saying…“relax, look at the bright side.”? A number of times, I am sure. We all have, at some point in life tried to make people see positive when they are feeling like they are going through an emotionally difficult time. Or you might be on the opposite side of the spectrum where you were told to “just be grateful for what you have”. Do you ever wonder if this is an effective way to reach the solution of complex emotional problems that we all go through?When is thinking positive not a positive?Let us do a thought experiment.Imagine that the person you were dating broke up with you out of the blue, without a fight or cause. You have tried talking to them plenty of times but their interest has completely shifted and there is nothing you can do. You are feeling miserable, because after all this time that you have spent with them, you were hoping to go forward, perhaps into a committed relationship. You have been crying and feeling helpless and finally reach out to your well-meaning best friend. After spending some time consoling you she/he begins to make you see the positives of the situation. She/he might say “There will be other guys/girls”, or “the market is open for you”, or even turn vengeful and say something like “You can go do the same to someone else and at least enjoy yourself”. But there you are, with all these wonderful thoughts about your ex, with all the complicated emotions you have been carrying around, still helpless. Not that simple is it?So what is happening to you in this moment and why is your friend not able to help you? To understand this we need to first understand negative emotions. such as fear, anger, jealousy, disgust, shame and grief are those states which are unpleasant and cause us significant distress. Clearly, no one would ‘choose’ to be in a negative state, if they had the choice. Often times, they don’t, and the influx of these painful emotions is unstoppable, such as in the case of a blindsided breakup.We’ve always felt at home with ‘thoughts’ and new ideas; we play with them every day. But emotions can seem like aliens inhabiting the body and mind. So many of us don’t know how to relate to them or what to do with them. As is the case with all psychological content, that which we can’t deal with often gets ‘swept under the rug’. And although this approach may seem to work in the short-term, over time repressing our emotions wreaks havoc on our mental, emotional, and physical wellbeing.What Are Repressed Emotions?Here is another thought experiment to understand repressed emotions.Imagine a seven-year-old is doing homework at the kitchen table. His older brother storms in angrily, pushes his hand over the counter, sending the younger brother’s books flying to the floor. The seven-year-old is enraged, but he quickly sees the rage in his big brother’s eyes. He doesn’t want to get hit too, so he says nothing. Now, what happened to the younger brother’s rage? He doesn’t express it out of fear of the consequences. Instead, he suppresses it. That is, he pushes it down within him. If the boy is successful at pushing his rage away, very soon, he won’t even feel it anymore. (Perhaps he goes and plays video games instead). Does that mean the anger went away? Nope. It just indicates that the boy successfully repressed his rage out of his conscious awareness.Repressed emotions can be expressed as:• Denying feelings• Ignoring feelings• Avoiding communication• Avoiding touch• DistrustHow Repressed Emotions Affect the BodyPsychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich observed the effects repressed emotions had on the body, calling it ‘body armour’. According to him, as we accumulate emotional trauma in childhood, to adapt to our environment, our bodies (and character) begin shielding us from additional emotional pain. This armour hinders our ability to connect with and heal old emotional wounds and experience the resulting release from this process.Emotions and the unconscious are also expressed immediately in bodily action and imaginary symbolization, not only at the verbal/conceptual level. Your overall emotional and mental health is directly linked to your physical health. Repressed anger or other negative emotions may be tied to a higher risk for things like:• Depression• High blood pressure• Heart disease• Digestive problems• Infections• Low energy• PainYou might also have problems in your relationships. You might have problems with:• Saying what you need• Facing conflict• Feeling connected and intimate with othersConnected psychological issues can include:• you can feel low and tired for no real reason, or are mildly depressed• you experience low-level  or on-going stress• you suffer from low self-esteem• your mind is foggy and unclear, you can be forgetful and absent-minded• you use self-destructive behaviours, such as overeating and drinking too much• you struggle with weight issues• you might suffer constant flus and cold (low immune system)• you have sleep problemsSigns That You Might Be Repressing Your EmotionsPatterns of :Patterns of behaving and relating to yourself:Patterns of behaving and relating to others:Adaptive emotional processingA take home messageYou will experience positive and negative emotions throughout your life; that is the deal that comes with being human. The bottom line is that emotions are not the enemy. We need them, and they help us survive. Our interpretation and perception of emotions as bad and wrong, together with not having the right tools to cope, are the problems to focus on.
Mihul Narad
Mihul Narad
Fri Dec 24 2021

Is your anxiety attack excessive and persistent?

Mental distress, unless it reaches severe levels, is considered trivial and ignored. Anxiety is often confused as the body’s natural response to daily stress. As a result, our focus is never on discovering the trigger points unless it reaches excessive and persistent levels.Depending on the situation, everyone experiences anxiety in life at varying levels. For some, it may be short-lived, while for others, it becomes a permanent disorder.Ever wondered what a sudden rush of emotions, heavy breathing, sweaty palms, and trembling feet indicate? Yes, in most cases, these signs of anxiety could spark because of a stressful workday or through a passing worry. But if left neglected, it can worsen only to become a severe threat to your daily life. Moreover, the symptoms of anxiety can disrupt your daily activities and, most importantly, your relationships.So understanding anxiety, its causes, and remedies are of utmost importance.Symptoms of anxietyThe classic symptoms of anxiety you need to watch out for are;Types of anxietyLet us look at the various anxiety disorders in depth;Do I have an anxiety disorder?A combination of a psychometric assessment and clinical interview by a trained therapist is the best way to answer that question. Let us look at the few assessment tools psychologists use to assess anxiety,Most common assessments for anxietyOther assessments for anxietyThe above assessments must be conducted along with a clinical interview with a therapist or psychologist. If you want to assess yourself for anxiety, you could easily access these assessments on the . In addition, you could avail consultation with a therapist as well.Treatments for anxietyPsychotherapyPsychotherapy is known as talk therapy, or it involves psychological counseling where the therapist helps reduce your anxiety symptoms. Therapy is usually long term and involves dedicated sessions with a psychologists every few days. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective therapy technique for treating anxiety-related disorders.For best results, one must commit to the therapeutic process. The recovery usually starts within first few weeks and the process could continue for several months. Since it is a long term relation with the therapist, be sure to select the right therapist. A happiness coach on the can help you find the right therapist for you.MedicationsMedications can help to relieve symptoms depending on the type of anxiety disorder you are suffering from. Antidepressants work at reducing the signs of anxiety disorders. Buspirone is a commonly used drug to treat the disorder. Please note, do not self-medicate. Please use medicines only on prescription by a qualified psychiatrist.Self-careThere are simple and powerful techniques which can help you win over anxiety;Does online counselling help? 
Team TickTalkTo
Team TickTalkTo
Fri Nov 19 2021

A way out of the OVERTHINKING trap!!!

…..I’d been sitting here for almost half an hour, staring at the blank screen hoping to write something, the first thought that came to my mind was, “it needs to be perfect”, I kept thinking about what would be perfect and whatever came to my mind just wasn’t good enough. I kept thinking and different thoughts kept coming to mind, and I just froze.The moment I realised that I’m getting in that spiral, I just took a few deep breaths and reminded myself that “it is okay if it is not perfect, why does it even need to be perfect, I just need to start, I can always edit things”. This simple reminder gave me the freedom to write whatever came to my mind fearlessly and finally I am publishing the blog.What is overthinking?Everyone overthinks things once in a while, although sometimes some people just can’t ever seem to quiet the constant bombardment of thoughts. In such cases, the inner speech usually involves unhelpful thought patterns;People spend hours going through these random thoughts and events, analysing them and stay stuck in their heads. And It’s not just words that people get stuck within their lives but sometimes, images too. People may envision their loved ones dying or replay a distressing event in their minds like a traumatic violent video they saw a news channel. Either way, the tendency to overthink everything holds people back from doing something productive most of the time. As people start overthinking about important issues in their lives, they can get stuck in , , and which leads to even greater personal distress.Research suggests that rumination is a major risk factor for the onset of major mental health issues like major depression and anxiety symptomatology across different age groups.Managing anxiety and ways to stop overthinking1. Determine your controlWhen you find yourself getting zoned out and overthinking, take a deep breath and step back to analyse the things you have control over. If you don’t have much control over the situation, the best you can do is to prepare for it. You can’t control how others behave, but you can control your response, your effort and your outlook. When you focus on the things you can control, you’ll be much more effective in changing the outcome of the situation.2. Identify your fearsSometimes, overthinking may not be such a bad thing, but something that challenges us to confront our fears. What is crippling is the “what if” thoughts. So how do we respond such thoughts? Take a step back and ask yourself,For example, overthinking may look like “At the same time, problem-solving may look like, “.”3. Create a plan to manage your stress3.1 Positive affirmations Using positive statements in various situations can help avoid falling in the trap of overthinking. Preparing for a challenging situationAs you are about to enter a situation or face something that you find overwhelming, for example if you’re about to start a presentation, you can help ourselves to prepare with positive statements such as;Coping with a stressful situationReaffirm your confidence and safety in challenging yourself help activate your “fight” mechanism and improve performance;Reviewing and acknowledging your achievementEven when things don’t go according to the plan, it is important you still take time to review the situation and acknowledge yourself for what you have achieved and the efforts that you have put in. Every small step is progress and part of the process, so try to focus on the positives rather than the negatives.3.2 The 54321 Grounding MethodFirst, take a moment to become mindful of your breath. Just taking a few deep breaths invites the body back into the moment, slowing everything down and becoming aware of the surroundings. Here is how you can do it;Repeat this process as many times as necessary. Take your time and notice how you feel afterward.3.3 Count your blessingsBe thankful for what you have, practise gratitude. It is an acknowledgement of value irrespective of monetary worth. You can introspect about it in your own thoughts or write it down, or talk about it with your loved ones, ones you are thankful for what they have done for you. Research shows it is an effective stress management activity and helps people with a heightened level of meaningfulness and engagement in work.3.4 Practise optimismIt is a process to cultivate a habit of thinking a certain way, working on looking at the bright side of life. For example, you can try doing it by having a notebook in which you can write about the best possible future for yourself, or by thinking about the positive aspects of a situation.3.5 Avoid social comparisonYour struggles and achievements are unique and different from that of other people around you. Try not to dwell on your issues and not compare yourself to others. You can use strategies such as engaging yourself in a healthy activity when you start to have such thoughts.3.6 Practise kindnessYou can practice kindness byshowing compassion anddoing good things for others. This can be practised with anyone, friends or strangers or your own self, directly or anonymously, spontaneously or planned. Find a way to learn kindness today and every day.3.7 Develop healthy relationshipsRelationships are an important aspect of our life. Pick a relationship and try working on strengthening it. For example, by investing time and energy in healing, growing, confirming, and enjoying the particular relationship that you want to work on.3.8 Do things that interest youIncrease the number of experiences at home and school/work in which you “lose” yourself, things that you feel passionate about. These are activities in which you feel a “flow” while doing them. For example, activities that you find challenging and absorbing, it can be, reading, sketching, painting, exercising, cooking, travelling, watching movies/series/ documentaries, gardening and so on.3.9 Replay happy momentsWhen we overthink, we usually tend to replay negative thoughts and stressful memories in our minds that overwhelm us. You can put a break to that by consciously thinking about the good things in your life or around you. For example, remembering good times, reviewing an old photo album and sharing memories with a friend etc.3.10 Set goals for yourselfGoal-setting and committing to it is an important component of success, whatever you are aspiring to reach, whether in your career or your personal life. Although try to set realistic and achievable goals. If you aspire too high, you may not be able to achieve it, you may become frustrated and give up. And if you aspire too low, you will not be able to push yourself to reach your full potential. Try picking just one or two goals that mean a lot to you and spend time and effort to achieve them.3.11 Practise forgivenessA lot of negative thoughts that people overthink about, may result from holding onto negative emotions and resentment that they have for other people and sometimes their own selves. By practising forgiveness you can work on letting go of the negative emotions or that anger and hate. For example, you can practice it by keeping a journal or writing a letter of forgiveness.3.12 Practise spiritualityTake sometime to appreciate nature and existence. You can practice spirituality irrespective of whatever faith you may have, it necessarily doesn’t have to be religious.3.13 Care for your body and mindEngage in physical activities, practise meditation, enjoy humour and set healthy boundaries. For example, exercising, keeping a healthy diet, and getting enough sleep/ rest, laughing and smiling.3.14 LearnPick up a new hobby and Involve yourself in a healthy activity like, learning a new music instrument, and/or picking up a new skill like cooking.3.15 Look at the bigger pictureYou can try doing something to add to the greater good in any way possible for you. For example, doing something to protect the environment and living in a sustainable way. Environmental sustainability is about meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. It may be helpful to provide greater meaning to your life and look beyond the issues that we face in our day to day life.3.16 Seek professional coaching
Mridula Sharma
Mridula Sharma
Mon Oct 11 2021

World Mental Health Day 2021

Recent global events like the COVID-19 and the Tokyo Olympics have brought the much needed public discourse on mental wellbeing to the forefront. During the World Health Assembly in May 2021, governments from around the world recognized the need to scale up quality mental health services at all levels.At a more household level, the extensive measures deployed to contain the pandemic have severely impacted all of us. Loss of loved ones, illness, fear of disease, lockdowns, quarantines, isolation, lack of access to essential goods and services, travel restrictions, work from home, job losses, financial impacts etc., have taken a serious toll on everyone’s mental health and continue to do so. This has sensitized the general public on the importance of mental wellbeing.With the spotlight on mental health, we, as a society, have a real shot at bringing in change. I say it with cautious optimism, but we have a chance at scaling up the piecemeal mental health infrastructure like helplines built during the pandemic and make it a sustainable public service. This truly could be the mental health moment the world needs desperately.Mental Health in an Unequal World​​The World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) is an international membership organization founded in 1948 to advance, among all peoples and nations, the prevention of mental and emotional disorders, the proper treatment and care of those with such disorders, and the promotion of mental health.This year the WFMH has chosen the theme for World Mental Health Day 2021 as ‘Mental Health in an Unequal World’.Mental health conditions contribute to poor socio-economic outcomes, poor health, illiteracy, premature deaths, human rights violations, economic losses etc. across the nations. But the distribution of these poor outcomes is far from equitable. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the inequalities due to race and ethnicity, sexual orientation and gender identity, and the lack of respect for human rights in many countries, including for people living with mental health conditions. This year’s theme particularly highlights the adverse impact of inequalities on people’s mental health.In most  low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), mental health is a three-pronged challenge;Sustainable Development Goal 3 and IndiaFor the first time, world leaders are recognising the promotion of mental health and well-being, and the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, as health priorities within the global development agenda. Mental health and substance abuse have been included in the Sustainable Development Agenda, which was adopted at the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015. This single global policy change has moved the needle.In India, there is a growing recognition of mental health. In 2017, the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind asserted that we “need to talk about mental health issues and treat ailments such as depression and stress”Following the inclusion of mental health in SDG-3, the Mental Healthcare Act, 2017 has been enacted. It replaces the Mental Healthcare Act, 1987 and makes several provisions to improve the state of mental health in India. This includes stating access to mental healthcare as a ‘right’; and instituting Central and State Mental Health Authorities (SMHA), which would focus on building robust infrastructure including registration of mental health practitioners and implementing service-delivery norms. Furthermore the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) has directed all insurance companies to make provision for medical insurance for treatment of mental illness on the same basis as is available for treatment of physical illness.Many more progressive steps like the introduction of ‘Happiness Curriculum’ in Delhi Govt. schools, MCI changing MBBS syllabus after 21 years to focus on mental health, NIMHANS’s national helpline psychosocial support and mental health, KIRAN mental health rehabilitation helpline by Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Manodarpan initiative of Ministry of Education for psychosocial support for mental health & well-being of students etc. are strengthening the public mental health infrastructure.These initiatives are not just limited to the government. The private sector is participating as well. Startups like , ePsyClinic, YourDost, InnerHour, Wysa, Now&Me etc. are changing the mental health landscape in India and beyond. Furthermore, non-profit initiatives like Mind@Ease by the Tech Mahindra Foundation, Mariwala Health Initiative, The Live Love Laugh foundation etc. are targeting the underserved population.These are steps in the right direction but it is just the beginning.TickTalkTo and the COVID-19 pandemicTickTalkTo formally launched to production on Oct 10, 2018. We started with a vision of a society where mental healthcare is a fundamental right and every member of our society feels cared for and has the comfort of having someone to lean on. This year’s mental health day marks three years of inception. And well, what a journey it has been!Majority of our work has been during the time of COVID-19. When the pandemic hit and the mental health issues spiked, we were not prepared to handle the increased traffic. We had no idea what we were staring at and we did not have means to service the therapy requests. We didn’t have a choice but do what best we could do within the given constraints. And with some divine intervention things started to work out. Many psychologists started to approach us and offer pro-bono services on the platform to stand in solidarity with the countrymen during the challenging times. This was pivotal. Our spirits were emboldened and one thing led to another. Here are a few highlights from the recent times,We got recognised as a , Govt. of India.UnfinishedMental ill-health is a very serious issue. It impacts each one of us in manners which we don’t realise. It curtails individual freedom, it limits opportunities, it reverses growth and it shatters the nation.Never in the past has so much attention been paid to mental wellbeing. We, as a society, have a real chance to build universal mental health care infrastructure. We must all come together to build more resilient individuals and communities.If you are someone who is suffering, seek help. If you are someone who can help, extend a supporting hand to those in need. All for one and one for all.Let us make sure the conversation around mental health is NOT just a trend every mental health day. Let us make a sustainable change.
Team TickTalkTo
Team TickTalkTo
Fri Oct 08 2021